1887

Abstract

Early characterization of strains designated into the genera and was based upon biological and chemical characteristics. With the advent of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as an added taxonomic character, it became clear that the two genera did not form distinct and separate monophyletic clusters. A genome-level analysis of all 17 validly published species within the family has recently been performed. Phylogenetic analyses, comparisons of gene content, and the lack of genus-specific genes supported that species from the two genera are intermixed and should not be taxonomically separated. This level of analysis clearly reveals the necessity to revise the taxonomy of this family by merging the two genera into one, . Additionally, it was definitively determined that the strain originally designated as resides in this cluster and should be formally renamed as . Merging and yields a paraphyletic genus, but is supported by cell morphology and ecology to be distinguished from the genera and .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.003548
2019-09-01
2019-10-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/69/9/2735.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.003548&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Tully JG, Rose DL, Hackett KJ, Whitcomb RF, Carle P et al. Mycoplasma ellychniae sp. nov., a sterol-requiring mollicute from the firefly beetle Ellychnia corrusca. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989;39:284–289 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. McCoy RE, Basham HG, Tully JG, Rose DL, Carle P et al. Acholeplasma florum, a new species isolated from plants. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1984;34:11–15 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Tully JG, Bove JM, Laigret F, Whitcomb RF. Notes: revised taxonomy of the class Mollicutes: proposed elevation of a monophyletic cluster of arthropod-associated mollicutes to ordinal rank (Entomoplasmatales ord. nov.), with provision for familial rank to separate species with nonhelical morphology (Entomoplasmataceae fam. nov.) from helical species (Spiroplasmataceae), and emended descriptions of the order Mycoplasmatales, family Mycoplasmataceae. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1993;43:378–385 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Gasparich GE, Whitcomb RF, Dodge D, French FE, Glass J et al. The genus Spiroplasma and its non-helical descendants: phylogenetic classification, correlation with phenotype and roots of the Mycoplasma mycoides clade. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004;54:893–918 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Weisburg WG, Tully JG, Rose DL, Petzel JP, Oyaizu H et al. A phylogenetic analysis of the mycoplasmas: basis for their classification. J Bacteriol 1989;171:6455–6467 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Johansson KE, Pettersson B. Taxonomy of Mollicutes. In Razin S, Herrman R. (ed) Molecular Biology and Pathogenicity of Mycoplasmas London: Kluwer; 2002; pp.1–29
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Maniloff J. Phylogeny and evolution. In Razin S, Herrman R. (ed) Molecular Biology and Pathogenicity of Mycoplasmas London: Kluwer; 2002; pp.31–43
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Lo WS, Gasparich GE, Kuo CH. Convergent evolution among ruminant-pathogenic Mycoplasma involved extensive gene content changes. Genome Biol Evol 2018;10:2130–2139 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Mukherjee S, Seshadri R, Varghese NJ, Eloe-Fadrosh EA, Meier-Kolthoff JP et al. 1003 reference genomes of bacterial and archaeal isolates expand coverage of the tree of life. Nat Biotechnol 2017;35:676–683 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Parks DH, Chuvochina M, Waite DW, Rinke C, Skarshewski A et al. A proposal for a standardized bacterial taxonomy based on genome phylogeny. bioRxiv 2018;256800:
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Lo WS, Chen LL, Chung WC, Gasparich GE, Kuo CH. Comparative genome analysis of Spiroplasma melliferum IPMB4A, a honeybee-associated bacterium. BMC Genomics 2013;14:22 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Li L, Stoeckert CJ, Roos DS. OrthoMCL: identification of ortholog groups for eukaryotic genomes. Genome Res 2003;13:2178–2189 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Edgar RC. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Res 2004;32:1792–1797 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Guindon S, Gascuel O. A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood. Syst Biol 2003;52:696–704 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Volokhov DV, Simonyan V, Davidson MK, Chizhikov VE. RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) gene and the 16S–23S rRNA intergenic transcribed spacer region (ITS) as complementary molecular markers in addition to the 16S rRNA gene for phylogenetic analysis and identification of the species of the family Mycoplasmataceae. Mol Phylogenet Evol 2012;62:515–528 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Volokhov DV, Neverov AA, George J, Kong H, Liu SX et al. Genetic analysis of housekeeping genes of members of the genus Acholeplasma: phylogeny and complementary molecular markers to the 16S rRNA gene. Mol Phylogenet Evol 2007;44:699–710 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hill AC, Polak-Vogelzang AA, Angulo AF. Acholeplasma multilocale sp. nov., isolated from a horse and a rabbit. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1992;42:513–517 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Pollack JD, Williams MV, Banzon J, Jones MA, Harvey L et al. Comparative metabolism of Mesoplasma, Entomoplasma, Mycoplasma, and Acholeplasma. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1996;46:885–890 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. May M, Brown DR. International committee on systematics of prokaryotes subcommittee on the taxonomy of Mollicutes: minutes of the closed meeting, 8 July 2018, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, USA. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Tully JG, Whitcomb RF, Hackett KJ, Williamson DL, Laigret F et al. Entomoplasma freundtii sp. nov., a new species from a green tiger beetle (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998;48:1197–1204 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Williamson DL, Tully JG, Rose DL, Hackett KJ, Henegar R et al. Mycoplasma somnilux sp. nov., Mycoplasma luminosum sp. nov., and Mycoplasma lucivorax sp. nov., new sterol-requiring mollicutes from firefly beetles (Coleoptera: Lampyridae). Int J Syst Bacteriol 1990;40:160–164 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Tully JG, Rose DL, Mccoy RE, Carle P, Bové JM et al. Mycoplasma melaleucae sp. nov., a sterol-requiring mollicute from flowers of several tropical plants. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1990;40:143–147 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Tully JG, Whitcomb RF, Hackett KJ, Rose DL, Henegar RB et al. Taxonomic descriptions of eight new non-sterol-requiring mollicutes assigned to the genus Mesoplasma. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1994;44:685–693 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Tully JG, Rose DL, Carle P, Bove JM, Hackett KJ et al. Acholeplasma entomophilum sp. nov. from gut contents of a wide range of host insects. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1988;38:164–167 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Rose DL, Kocka JP, Somerson NL, Tully JG, Whitcomb RF et al. Mycoplasma lactucae sp. nov., a sterol-requiring mollicute from a plant surface. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1990;40:138–142 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Bonnet F, Saillard C, Vignault JC, Garnier M, Carle P et al. Acholeplasma seiffertii sp. nov., a mollicute from plant surfaces. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1991;41:45–49 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.003548
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.003548
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error