1887

Abstract

Three Legionella -like strains, designed km488, km489 and km521, were isolated from freshwater samples in China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. Growth was observed on BCYEα agar, but not on BCYEα agar without l-cysteine, chocolate agar with PolyViteX or Columbia blood agar. The major fatty acids (>5 %) of strains km488, km489 and km521 were C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The mip gene sequences (574 nt) showed the isolates were almost identical with more than 99.7 % sequence similarities, and closely matched to L. gormanii ATCC 33297 with 95.4–95.6 % sequence similarities. Phylogenetic analyses based on concatenated gene (16S rRNA, mip, rpoB and rnpB) sequences indicated that the isolates formed a distinct cluster along with L. gormanii within the genus Legionella . Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight analyses also demonstrated a clear separation between the isolates and other closely and distantly related Legionella species. DNA–DNA hybridization studies demonstrated that the isolates were closely related (92.0 –95.0 % DNA-DNA relatedness) but differentiated from their phylogenetic neighbours (<70 % DNA–DNA relatedness). The whole genome of km488 was sequenced, and showed a G+C content of 37.8 mol%. Based on the findings from this polyphasic taxonomic study, the isolates are considered to represent a single novel species, for which the name Legionella qingyii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is km488 (KCTC 15636=CCTCC AB 2018025=NRBC 113223).

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2019-05-07
2019-12-11
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