1887

Abstract

A sulfur-oxidizing, filamentous, gliding micro-organism, strain D3, was isolated from a sulfidic spring in Goryachy Klyuch, Krasnodar, Russia. The cell walls were Gram-negative. The new isolate was a microaerophilic facultative anaerobe and an obligate chemolithoautotroph. The pH range for growth was pH 6.8–7.6, with an optimum at pH 7.2. The temperature range for growth was 10–46 °C, with an optimum at 32 °C. The G+C content of DNA was 42.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene showed that strain D3 belongs to the family Beggiatoaceae , order Thiotrichales and was distantly related to the genera of the family Beggiatoaceae (86–88 % sequence similarity). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-6. Major fatty acids were C18:1 ω7 (37.6 %), C16 : 0 (34.7 %) and C16: 1 ω7 (27.7 %). On the basis of its physiological properties and the results of phylogenetic analysis, strain D3 is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Thioflexithrix psekupsensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is D3 (=KCTC 62399=UNIQEM U981).

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2019-01-18
2019-10-20
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