1887

Abstract

In the present study, we describe two novel Gram-stain-positive, irregular rod-shaped bacterial strains, 78 and 601, that had been isolated from the faeces of Tibetan antelopes at the Hoh Xil Nature Reserve, Qinghai–Tibet Plateau, China. The cells were aerobic, oxidase-negative and catalase-positive. When cultured on brain–heart infusion agar supplemented with 5 % sheep blood, colonies were cream in colour, circular, smooth and convex. Phylogenetic analysis based on the full-length 16S rRNA sequences revealed that type strain 78 and strain 601 belong to the genus Nocardioides, sharing the highest similarity to Nocardioides solisilvae JCM 31492 (98.3 %), Nocardioides gilvus XZ17 (97.4 %) and Nocardioides daejeonensis JCM 16922 (97.4 %). The average nucleotide identity values between the two novel strains and the three closely related type strains of the genus Nocardioides were lower than the 95–96 % threshold. The DNA G+C content of strains 78 and 601 were 71.2 and 71.3 mol% respectively. MK-8 (H4) was the predominant respiratory quinone and ll-2,6-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid in its cell-wall peptidoglycan. Its polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified lipid. The main whole-cell sugars were rhamnose, xylose and galactose and the major fatty acids (>10 %) were C17 : 1ω8c, iso-C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω9c. These data supported the affiliation of strains 78 and 601 to genus Nocardioides. Based on evidence collected from the phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analyses, we propose a novel species named Nocardioides houyundeii sp. nov. The type strain is 78 (=CGMCC 4.7461=DSM 106424).

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2018-10-26
2019-10-18
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