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Abstract

Strain YH-tan31 is a Gram-stain-positive, obligately anaerobic, spore-forming and mesophilic bacterium. The cells are rod-shaped and motile by means of peritrichous flagella. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belongs to the genus Clostridium and is most closely related to Clostridium oryzae DSM 28571 (97 % sequence identity), followed by Clostridium cellulovorans DSM 3052 (92.4 %) and Clostridium butyricum KCTC 5387 (92.1 %). The G+C content of the isolate was 30.9 mol%. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant fatty acids were C14 : 0, C16 : 0, C16 : 0 DMA,and C19 : 0 cis 11,12 DMA. The major end products of glucose fermentation were butyrate, acetate and lactate. This isolate represents a new species within the genus Clostridium , for which we propose the name Clostridium composti sp. nov. (type strain, YH-tan31; =KCTC 15630=JCM 32793).

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2018-10-25
2019-12-15
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