1887

Abstract

Two Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria, designated as SY3-15and SY3-13, were isolated from a seawater sample of the South China Sea. Colonies were 0.5–1.0 mm in diameter, smooth, circular, convex and translucent after growth on marine agar at 37 °C for 3 days. The strains were found to grow at 20–50 °C (optimum, 42 °C), pH 6.0–8.5 (optimum, pH 6.5–7.5) and with 0.5–6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.5–2.0 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed the sole respiratory quinone to be ubiquinone-10, the major fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0 3-OH, C19 : 0cyclo ω9c, C18 : 1 3-OH and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c), and the polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 67.2–67.4 mol% calculated by genome. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains SY3-15 and SY3-13 were identical and related to the genus Lutibaculum with a similarity of 92.1 %. The 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic trees reconstructed with neighbour-joining, maximum-parsimony and minimum-evolution methods showed that the strains constituted a deep and separated branch from other families of Alphaproteobacteria , and the phylogenetic trees based on concatenated 163 protein sequences from genome sequences showed that the clade in which strains SY3-15 and SY3-13 located was separated from the clade of the other orders of Alphaproteobacteria , indicating it may represent a novel family of a novel order. Based on their phenotypic properties and their phylogenetic distinctiveness, we propose strains SY3-15 (=MCCC 1K03467=KCTC 62335) and SY3-13 (=MCCC 1K03466=KCTC 62329) to represent a novel species of a novel genus with the name Minwuia thermotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov., and we propose Minwuiaceae fam. nov. and Minwuiales ord. nov. with Minwuia as the type genus.

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2018-10-16
2019-08-18
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