1887

Abstract

A Gram-negative, aerobic, slightly yellow-pigmented bacterium, designated as SKLS-A10, was isolated from groundwater sample of the ‘Siklós’ petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated site (Hungary). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain SKLS-A10 formed a distinct phyletic lineage within the genus Sphingobium . It shared the highest 16S rRNA gene homology with Sphingobium abikonense DSM 23268 (97.29 %), followed by Sphingobium lactosutens DSM 23389 (97.23 %), Sphingobium phenoxybenzoativorans KCTC 42448 (97.16 %) and Sphingobium subterraneum NBRC 109814 (96.74 %). The predominant fatty acids (>5 % of the total) are C18 : 1ω7c, C14 : 0 2-OH, C16 : 1 ω7c/iso C15 : 0 2-OH, C17 : 1ω6c and C16 : 0. The major ubiquinone is Q-10. The predominant polyamine is spermidine. The major polar lipids are sphingoglycolipid and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain SKLS-A10 is 65.9 mol%. On the basis of evidence from this taxonomic study using a polyphasic approach, strain SKLS-A10 represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobium for which the name Sphingobium aquiterrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SKLS-A10 (=DSM 106441=NCAIM B. 02634).

Keyword(s): BTEX , groundwater and Sphingobium
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2018-07-05
2019-10-19
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