1887

Abstract

In this article we provide morphologic and morphometric data based on in vivo observation, protargol impregnation, scanning electron microscopy and an 18S rRNA gene sequence for another member of the genus Brachonella, Brachonella pulchra comb. nov. (basionym: Metopus pulcher Kahl, 1927). We also provide preliminary data on resting cyst structure and formation in Brachonella pulchra and discuss the possible taxonomic usefulness of these structures.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.002888
2018-07-20
2019-10-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/68/9/3052.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.002888&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Müller OF. Zoologiae Danicae Prodromu Havniae; 1776; p.282
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bourland W, Rotterova J, Čepička I. Redescription and molecular phylogeny of the type species for two main metopid genera, Metopus es (Müller, 1776) Lauterborn, 1916 and Brachonella contorta (Levander, 1894) Jankowski, 1964 (Metopida, Ciliophora), based on broad geographic sampling. Eur J Protistol 2017;59:133–154 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Foissner W, Agatha S, Berger H. Soil ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) from Namibia (Southwest Africa), with emphasis on two contrasting environments, the Etosha Region and the Namib Desert. Part I: text and line drawings. Denisia 2002;5:1–1063
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Vďačný P, Foissner W. A huge diversity of metopids (Ciliophora, Armophorea) in soil from the Murray River floodplain, Australia. II. Morphology and morphogenesis of Lepidometopus platycephalus nov. gen., nov. spec. Acta Protozool 2017;56:39–57
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Foissner W. Heterometopus meisterfeldi nov. gen., nov. spec. (Protozoa, Ciliophora), a new metopid from Australia. Eur J Protistol 2016;55:118–127 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Vďačný P, Foissner W. A huge diversity of metopids (Ciliophora, Armophorea) in soil from the Murray River floodplain, Australia. I. Description of five new species and redescription of Metopus setosus Kahl, 1927. Eur J Protistol 2017;58:35–76 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Hirt RP, Dyal PL, Wilkinson M, Finlay BJ, Roberts DM et al. Phylogenetic relationships among karyorelictids and heterotrichs inferred from small subunit rRNA sequences: resolution at the base of the ciliate tree. Mol Phylogenet Evol 1995;4:77–87 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. da Silva Paiva T, do Nascimento Borges B, da Silva-Neto ID. Phylogenetic study of Class Armophorea (Alveolata, Ciliophora) based on 18S-rDNA data. Genet Mol Biol 2013;36:571–585 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Corliss JO. The Ciliated Protozoa: Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literature Oxford, London, New York, Paris: Pergamon Press; 1961
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bourland WA, Wendell L, Hampikian G. Morphologic and molecular description of Metopus fuscus Kahl from North America and new rDNA sequences from seven metopids (Armophorea, Metopidae). Eur J Protistol 2014;50:213–230 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bourland WA, Wendell L. Redescription of Atopospira galeata (Kahl, 1927) nov. comb. and A. violacea (Kahl, 1926) nov. comb. with redefinition of Atopospira Jankowski, 1964 nov. stat. and Brachonella Jankowski, 1964 (Ciliophora, Armophorida). Eur J Protistol 2014;50:356–372 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Bourland W, Rotterová J, Čepička I. Morphologic and molecular characterization of seven species of the remarkably diverse and widely distributed metopid genus Urostomides Jankowski, 1964 (Armophorea, Ciliophora). Eur J Protistol 2017;61:194–232 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Jankowski AW. Morphology and evolution of Ciliophora I. The new system of sapropelobiotic Heterotrichida. Zool Zhurnal 1964;43:503–517
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Esteban G, Fenchel T, Finlay B. Diversity of free-living morphospecies in the ciliate genus Metopus. Archiv für Protistenkunde 1995;146:137–164 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Foissner W. Taxonomische Studien über die Ciliaten des Grossglocknergebietes IX. Ordnungen Heterotrichida Und Hypotrichida. Ber Nat-Med Ver Salzbg 1980;5:71–117
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Sonneborn TM. Methods in Paramecium research. Methods Cell Physiol 1970;4:241–339
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Bourland WA, Hampikian G, Vďačný P. Morphology and phylogeny of a new woodruffiid ciliate, Etoschophrya inornata sp. n. (Ciliophora, Colpodea, Platyophryida), with an account on evolution of platyophryids. Zool Scr 2012;41:400–416 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Griekspoor A, Groothuis T. 2006; 4Peaks. Available fromhttp://mekentosj.com
  19. Huang X, Madan A. CAP3: A DNA sequence assembly program. Genome Res 1999;9:868–877 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Katoh K, Misawa K, Kuma K, Miyata T. MAFFT: a novel method for rapid multiple sequence alignment based on fast Fourier transform. Nucleic Acids Res 2002;30:3059–3066 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hall TA. BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser 1999;41:95–98
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Posada D, Crandall KA. MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 1998;14:817–818 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Stamatakis A. RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics 2014;30:1312–1313 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Ronquist F, Teslenko M, van der Mark P, Ayres DL, Darling A et al. MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Syst Biol 2012;61:539–542 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Foissner W, Agatha S. Morphology and morphogenesis of Metopus hasei Sondheim, 1929 and M. inversus (Jankowski, 1964) nov. comb. (Ciliophora, Metopida). J Eukaryot Microbiol 1999;46:174–193 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Lynn DH. The Ciliated Protozoa: Characterization, Classification and Guide to the Literature, 3rd ed. Dordrecht: Springer; 2008; pp.1–605
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Foissner W, Xu K. Monograph of the Spathidiida (Ciliophora, Haptoria). Vol. I: Protospathidiidae, Arcuospathidiidae, Apertospathulidae. Monogr Biol 2007;81:1–485
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Jankowski AW. Morphology and evolution of Ciliophora. III. Diagnoses and phylogenesis of 53 sapropelebionts, mainly of the order Heterotrichida. Arch für Protistenkd 1964;107:185–294
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Jankowski AW. Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In Alimov AF. (editor) Protista Part 2, Handbook on Zoology St. Petersburg: Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute; 2007; pp.371–993
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Rotterová J, Bourland W, Čepička I. Tropidoatractidae fam. nov., a deep branching lineage of metopida (Armophorea, Ciliophora) found in diverse habitats and possessing prokaryotic symbionts. Protist 2018;169:362–405 [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Gutiérrez JC, Callejas S, Benïtez SBL, Martin-Gonzalez A, Martin-Gonzalez A et al. Ciliate cryptobiosis: a microbial strategy against environmental starvation. Int Microbiol 2001;4:151–157
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Gutiérrez JC, Diaz S, Ortega R, Martín-González A. Ciliate resting cyst walls: a comparative review. Recent Res Dev Microbiol 2003;7:361–379
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Kahl A. Neu und ergänzende Beobachtungen heterotricher Ciliaten. Arch für Protistenkd 1927;57:121–203
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Klein BM. Das Silberliniensystem der Ciliaten. Weitere Ergebnisse. IV. Arch Protistenkd 1930;69:236–326
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Kahl A. Urtiere oder Protozoa I: Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Infusoria) 3. Spirotricha. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 1932;25:399–650
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Dragesco J. Les ciliés mésopsammiques littoraux: systématique, morphologie, écologie. Des Trav la Stn Biol Roscoff 1960;1–356
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Alekperov IK. New species of freshwater ciliates (Heterotrichida) from artificial water bodies of Azerbaijan. Zool Zhurnal 1984;63:1731–1734
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Foissner W. Taxonomische studien über die Ciliaten des Grossglocknergebietes (Hohe Tauern, Österreich). IX. Ordnungen Heterotrichida und Hypotrichida. Ber Nat-Med Ver Salzbg 1980;5:71–117
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Foissner W. Colpodea (Ciliophora). Protozoenfauna 1993;4/1:1–798
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Foissner W, Müller H, Agatha S. A comparative fine structural and phylogenetic analysis of resting cysts in oligotrich and hypotrich Spirotrichea (Ciliophora). Eur J Protistol 2007;43:295–314 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Takahashi E, Soichi I. Light and scanning electron microscopy of Nyctotherus kyphodes (Ciliophora, Plagiotomidae) from the Galapagos giant tortoise, Testudo sp. Bull Nippon Vet Zootech Coll 1989;38:9–15
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.002888
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.002888
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Supplements

Supplementary File 1

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error