1887

Abstract

A bacterial strain designated KMB9 was isolated from a freshwater pond in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain KMB9 were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, motile by means of a monopolar flagellum, non-spore-forming and rods surrounded by a thick capsule and forming white-coloured colonies. Growth occurred at 20–40 °C (optimum, 25–37 °C), at pH 6.5–7.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0–0.5 % NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and four housekeeping gene sequences (, , and ) showed that strain KMB9 forms a distinct phyletic line within the family , and the levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to its closest relatives with validly published names were less than 93.3 %. The predominant fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising Cω7 and/or Cω6), C and Cω7. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The major polyamine was putrescine. The polar lipid profile revealed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and several uncharacterized aminophospholipids, aminolipids, phospholipids and lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain KMB9 was 54.5 mol%. On the basis of the genotypic and phenotypic data, strain KMB9 represents a novel species of a new genus in the family , for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMB9 (=BCRC 81053=LMG 30055=KCTC 52814).

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2018-04-01
2020-01-23
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