1887

Abstract

The Mycobacterium abscessus complex is a group of rapidly growing, multiresistant mycobacteria previously divided into three species. Proposal for the union of Mycobacterium bolletii and Mycobacterium massiliense into one subspecies, so-called M. abscessus subsp. massiliense, created much confusion about the routine identification and reporting of M. abscessus clinical isolates for clinicians. Results derived from multigene sequencing unambiguously supported the reinstatement of M. massiliense and M. bolletii as species, culminating in the presence of erm(41)-encoded macrolide resistance in M. bolletii . Present genome-based analysis unambiguously supports the reinstatement of M. massiliense and M. bolletii as species after the average nucleotide identity values of 96.7 % for M. abscessus versus M. bolletii , and 96.4 % for M. abscessus versus M. massiliense , and the 96.6 % identity between M. bolletii and M. massiliense was put into the perspective of a larger, 28-species analysis. Accordingly, DNA–DNA hybridization values predicted by the complete rpo B gene sequencing analysis were between 68.7 and 72.3 % in this complex. These genomic data as well as the phenotypic characteristics prompted us to propose to reinstate the previously known M. massiliense and M. bolletii into two distinct species among the M. abscessus complex.

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2017-08-18
2019-10-14
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