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Abstract

A taxonomic study was conducted on strain soj2014, which was isolated from the surface water of a polynya in the Antarctic Sea. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain soj2014 belongs to the family and is closely related to MEBiC09566, ‘’ P1-1 and LD81 (98.0 %, 97.8 % and 96.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively). The DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain soj2014 and closely related strains were below 28.6 %. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain soj2014 was 45.5 mol%. The predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (composed of Cω6/C ω7, 57.0 %) and summed feature 3 (composed of Cω6/C ω7, 23.5 %). Strain soj2014 was Gram-stain-negative, slightly curved, spiral-shaped, and motile with a single polar flagellum. The strain grew at 0–30 °C (optimum, 25 °C), in 1.5–5.1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.1–2.4 %) and at pH 5.5–9.5 (optimum, 7.5–8.0). It also had differential carbohydrate utilization traits and enzyme activities compared with closely related strains. Based on these phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, strain soj2014 represents a distinct species, separable from the reference strains, and is, therefore, proposed as a novel species, sp. nov. The type strain is soj2014 (=KCTC 42186=JCM 30386).

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2017-07-01
2020-01-28
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