1887

Abstract

Gram-stain-positive, partially acid-fast, non-spore-forming, anaerobic, catalase-positive, pleomorphic bacteria were isolated from human abscesses. Strains X1036, X1698 and NML 120705, were recovered from a spinal abscess, a peritoneal abscess and a breast abscess respectively. A phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strains shared 100 % similarity, and the nearest phylogenetic neighbour was Dietzia timorensis DSM 45568 (95%). Chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strains were consistent with those described for members of the suborder Corynebacterineae. Mycolic acids were detected using HPLC and one-dimensional TLC; whole-cell hydrolysates yielded meso-diaminopimelic acid with arabinose and galactose as the predominant sugars; the muramic acid acyl type was acetylated; the major menaquinone was MK-9 (96.3%); polar lipids detected were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and an unknown glycophospholipid. Cellular fatty acids were hexadecanoic acid (C16 : 0), octadecenoic acid (C18 : 1ω9c) and decanoic acid (C10 : 0). Tuberculostearic acid was not detected. Based on the results of this polyphasic study, we conclude that these strains represent a novel genus and species within the suborder Corynebacterineae for which we propose the name Lawsonella clevelandensis gen. nov., sp. nov., with the type strain X1036 (=DSM 45743=CCUG 66657).

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2016-08-01
2019-11-20
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