1887

Abstract

Two species of the genus , sp. nov. and sp. nov., were first described by Postic and co-workers on the basis of genetic analyses of several loci. Multilocus sequence analysis of eight housekeeping loci confirmed that these two genomospecies are distinct members of the complex. sp. nov. was initially described in transmission cycles involving wood rats and ticks in California, and and in Colorado. The preferred host of sp. nov. appears to be the California kangaroo rat, ; , and ticks are naturally infected with it. Thus, the ecological associations of the two genomospecies and their genetic distance from all other known genomospecies species justify their description as separate genomospecies: sp. nov. (type strain DN127 = DSM 17990 =  CIP 109136) and (type strain CA446 = DSM 17989 = ATCC BAA-2689).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.000897
2016-03-01
2019-10-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/66/3/1447.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.000897&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bissett M. L. , Hill W. . ( 1987;). Characterization of Borrelia burgdorferistrains isolated from Ixodes pacificusticks in California. J Clin Microbiol 25: 2296–2301 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brown R. N. , Lane R. S. . ( 1992;). Lyme disease in California: a novel enzootic transmission cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi . Science 256: 1439–1442 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Brown R. N. , Lane R. S. . ( 1996;). Reservoir competence of four chaparral-dwelling rodents for Borrelia burgdorferi in California. Am J Trop Med Hyg 54: 84–91 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brown R. N. , Peot M. A. , Lane R. S. . ( 2006;). Sylvatic maintenance of Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochaetales) in Northern California: untangling the web of transmission. J Med Entomol 43: 743–751.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bunikis J. , Garpmo U. , Tsao J. , Berglund J. , Fish D. , Barbour A. G. . ( 2004;). Sequence typing reveals extensive strain diversity of the Lyme borreliosis agents Borrelia burgdorferi in North America and Borrelia afzelii in Europe. Microbiology 150: 1741–1755 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fingerle V. , Schulte-Spechtel U. C. , Ruzic-Sabljic E. , Leonhard S. , Hofmann H. , Weber K. , Pfister K. , Strle F. , Wilske B. . ( 2008;). Epidemiological aspects and molecular characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. from southern Germany with special respect to the new species Borrelia spielmanii sp. nov. Int J Med Microbiol 298: 279–290 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Girard Y. A. , Fedorova N. , Lane R. S. . ( 2011;). Genetic diversity of Borrelia burgdorferi and detection of B. bissettii-like DNA in serum of north-coastal California residents. J Clin Microbiol 49: 945–954 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Hulínská D. , Votýpka J. , Kríz B. , Holínková N. , Nováková J. , Hulínský V. . ( 2007;). Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of Borrelia spp. isolated from Ixodes ricinus ticks by using electrophoretic chips and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Folia Microbiol (Praha) 52: 315–324 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Johnson R. C. , Hyde F. W. , Rumpel C. M. . ( 1984a;). Taxonomy of the Lyme disease spirochetes. Yale J Biol Med 57: 529–537 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Johnson R. C. , Schmid G. P. , Hyde F. W. , Steigerwalt A. G. , Brenner D. J. . ( 1984b;). Borrelia burgdorferi sp. nov.: etiological agent of Lyme disease. Int J Syst Bacteriol 34: 496–497 [CrossRef].
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Kurtenbach K. , Hanincová K. , Tsao J. I. , Margos G. , Fish D. , Ogden N. H. . ( 2006;). Fundamental processes in the evolutionary ecology of Lyme borreliosis. Nat Rev Microbiol 4: 660–669 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lane R. S. , Brown R. N. . ( 1991;). Wood rats and kangaroo rats: potential reservoirs of the Lyme disease spirochete in California. J Med Entomol 28: 299–302 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Lin T. , Oliver J. H. Jr , Gao L. , Kollars T. M. Jr , Clark K. L. . ( 2001;). Genetic heterogeneity of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in the southern United States based on restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequence analysis. J Clin Microbiol 39: 2500–2507 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lin T. , Oliver J. H. Jr , Gao L. . ( 2003;). Comparative analysis of Borrelia isolates from southeastern USA based on randomly amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprint and 16S ribosomal gene sequence analyses. FEMS Microbiol Lett 228: 249–257 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Margos G. , Hojgaard A. , Lane R. S. , Cornet M. , Fingerle V. , Rudenko N. , Ogden N. , Aanensen D. M. , Fish D. , Piesman J. . ( 2010;). Multilocus sequence analysis of Borrelia bissettii strains from North America reveals a new Borrelia species, Borrelia kurtenbachii . Ticks Tick Borne Dis 1: 151–158 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Maupin G. O. , Gage K. L. , Piesman J. , Montenieri J. , Sviat S. L. , VanderZanden L. , Happ C. M. , Dolan M. , Johnson B. J. . ( 1994;). Discovery of an enzootic cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi in Neotoma mexicana and Ixodes spinipalpis from northern Colorado, an area where Lyme disease is nonendemic. J Infect Dis 170: 636–643 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Newman E. A. , Eisen L. , Eisen R. J. , Fedorova N. , Hasty J. M. , Vaughn C. , Lane R. S. . ( 2015;). Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato spirochetes in wild birds in northwestern California: associations with ecological factors, bird behavior and tick infestation. PLoS One 10: e0118146 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Oliver J. H. Jr , Lin T. , Gao L. , Clark K. L. , Banks C. W. , Durden L. A. , James A. M. , Chandler F. W. Jr . ( 2003;). An enzootic transmission cycle of Lyme borreliosis spirochetes in the southeastern United States. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100: 11642–11645 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Padgett K. A. , Bonilla D. L. . ( 2011;). Novel exposure sites for nymphal Ixodes pacificus within picnic areas. Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2: 191–195 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Picken R. N. , Picken M. M. . ( 2000;). Molecular characterization of Borrelia spp. isolates from greater metropolitan Chicago reveals the presence of Borrelia bissettii. Preliminary report. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 2: 505–507 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Picken R. N. , Cheng Y. , Strle F. , Cimperman J. , Maraspin V. , Lotric-Furlan S. , Ruzic-Sabljic E. , Han D. , Nelson J. A. , other authors . ( 1996a;). Molecular characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from Slovenia revealing significant differences between tick and human isolates. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 15: 313–323 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Picken R. N. , Cheng Y. , Strle F. , Picken M. M. . ( 1996b;). Patient isolates of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato with genotypic and phenotypic similarities of strain 25015. J Infect Dis 174: 1112–1115 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Postic D. , Ras N. M. , Lane R. S. , Hendson M. , Baranton G. . ( 1998;). Expanded diversity among Californian borrelia isolates and description of Borrelia bissettii sp. nov. (formerly Borrelia group DN127). J Clin Microbiol 36: 3497–3504 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Postic D. , Garnier M. , Baranton G. . ( 2007;). Multilocus sequence analysis of atypical Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato isolates—description of Borrelia californiensis sp. nov., and genomospecies 1 and 2. Int J Med Microbiol 297: 263–271 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Rudenko N. , Golovchenko M. , Mokrácek A. , Piskunová N. , Ruzek D. , Mallatová N. , Grubhoffer L. . ( 2008;). Detection of Borrelia bissettii in cardiac valve tissue of a patient with endocarditis and aortic valve stenosis in the Czech Republic. J Clin Microbiol 46: 3540–3543 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Rudenko N. , Golovchenko M. , Ru˚zek D. , Piskunova N. , Mallátová N. , Grubhoffer L. . ( 2009;). Molecular detection of Borrelia bissettii DNA in serum samples from patients in the Czech Republic with suspected borreliosis. FEMS Microbiol Lett 292: 274–281 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Schneider B. S. , Zeidner N. S. , Burkot T. R. , Maupin G. O. , Piesman J. . ( 2000;). Borrelia isolates in Northern Colorado identified as Borrelia bissettii . J Clin Microbiol 38: 3103–3105 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Strle F. , Picken R. N. , Cheng Y. , Cimperman J. , Maraspin V. , Lotric-Furlan S. , Ruzic-Sabljic E. , Picken M. M. . ( 1997;). Clinical findings for patients with Lyme borreliosis caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato with genotypic and phenotypic similarities to strain 25015. Clin Infect Dis 25: 273–280 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Tamura K. , Nei M. . ( 1993;). Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Mol Biol Evol 5: 512–526 [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Tamura K. , Stecher G. , Peterson D. , Filipski A. , Kumar S. . ( 2013;). mega6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Mol Biol Evol 30: 2725–2729 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Tappe J. , Jordan D. , Janecek E. , Fingerle V. , Strube C. . ( 2014;). Revisited: Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infections in hard ticks (Ixodes ricinus) in the city of Hanover (Germany). Parasit Vectors 7: 441 [CrossRef] [PubMed].
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.000897
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.000897
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error