1887

Abstract

Three strains of a butyrate-producing bacterium were isolated from the rumen contents of grazing sheep and cows. The strains were anaerobic, with Gram-positive cell walls, straight-to-slightly-curved, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming and single flagellate. C, C, C and C were the predominant fatty acids. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was A1. The DNA G+C content varied from 41.4 to 42.2 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between the isolates and , and were found to be 96, 95 and 95 %, respectively. The phylogenetic tree showed that the strains constituted a different taxon, separate from other taxa with validly published names and forming a cluster with strains of On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic results (16S RNA, , , genes), the isolates are considered to represent a novel species of a new genus of the family , for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed (type strain JK623 = DSM 29029 = LMG 28559). We also propose the transfer of to the new genus gen. nov., comb nov. This new genus represents saccharoclastic, chemo-organotrophic and obligatory anaerobic, non-spore-forming rods with Gram-positive membrane. The main fermentation products on peptone yeast glucose (PYG) medium were butyrate, acetate, hydrogen and lactate. The type species of the genus is gen. nov., comb nov. ( Prévot, 1938 ) with type strain ATCC 33656 ( = JCM 17463).

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2016-02-01
2019-09-21
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