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Abstract

A novel Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, moderately halophilic and alkalitolerant actinobacterium, designated EGI 80432, was isolated from a saline–alkaline soil of Xinjiang province, north-west China. Cells were non-endospore-forming cocci with a diameter of 0.5–0.8 μm. Strain EGI 80432 grew in the presence of 0–9 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum at 3–5 %), and also grew within the pH range 6.0–10.0 (optimum at pH 8.0–9.0) on marine 2216E medium. The peptidoglycan type was A1γ. The whole-cell hydrolysates contained glucose, galactose, mannose and three unknown sugars as major sugars. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H). The major fatty acids were Cω8, summed feature 3 (Cω7/Cω6), Cω9 and iso-C The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unknown phosphoglycolipid, three unknown phospholipids and four unknown polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content was 75.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain EGI 80432 clustered within the radius of the class . Levels of sequence similarity between strain EGI 80432 and its phylogenetic neighbours ANL-iso2 and F10 were 94.1 and 88.1 %, respectively. Based on morphological, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis, a novel species of a new genus, gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed, within the new family and new order fam. nov. and ord. nov. in the class . The type strain of is EGI 80432 ( = CGMCC 1.14988 = KCTC 33612).

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2016-02-01
2022-01-20
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