1887

Abstract

An orange, Gram-reaction-negative and aerobic bacterium, designated MC 3718, was isolated from a tundra soil near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard archipelago, Norway (78° N). The cells were motile with either a polar or a subpolar flagellum and reproduced by budding or asymmetrical cell division. Growth occurred at 4–37 °C (optimum 28–30 °C) and at pH 6.0–10.0 (optimum pH 9.0). Many cells accumulated poly-β-hydroxybutyrate granules and contained a single large polyphosphate granule at a pole or in the middle of the cell. Cell walls contained -diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, and ubiquinone 10 was the main respiratory quinone. Strain MC 3718 contained summed feature 3 (comprising Cω7 and/or Cω6; 29.49 %), summed feature 8 (Cω7 and/or Cω6; 29.38 %), Cω6 (10.15 %), C 2-OH (9.05 %) and C (6.84 %) as the major cellular fatty acids. The main polar lipids were two sphingoglycolipids, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, three unknown phospholipids and two unknown polar lipids. Carotenoids were detected. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MC 3718 belonged to the family . The DNA G+C content was 67.2 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain MC 3718 is considered to represent a novel genus and species in the family , for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of is MC 3718 ( = CCTCC AB 2014274 = LMG 28636). Emended descriptions of the genera and and the species , and are also provided.

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2016-01-01
2020-10-01
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