Here, we investigate a group of red to pinkish ballistoconidia-forming yeasts that were preliminarily identified as or . Detailed molecular and micromorphological studies revealed that the sexual strains and several conspecific anamorphic isolates belonged to a novel teleomorph that represents the sexual stage of . Consequently, a new taxon in the genus is here described as sp. nov. (type strain CBS 7683). The main characteristics of are presented and compared with those of the more closely related species. Our studies also led to the clarification of the life cycle of . We confirm that the teliospores of this species germinate by forming short branches of hyphae, instead of basidia.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Bai, F.-Y., Zhao, J.-J., Takashima, M., Jia, J.-H., Boekhout, T. & Nakase, T.(2002). Reclassification of the Sporobolomyces roseus and Sporidiobolus pararoseus complexes, with the description of Sporobolomyces phaffii sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 2309–2314.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  2. Bauer, R., Begerow, D., Sampaio, J. P., Weiß, M. & Oberwinkler, F.(2006). The simple-septate basidiomycetes: a synopsis. Mycol Prog 5, 41–66.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. Boekhout, T.(1991). A revision of ballistoconidia-forming yeasts and fungi. Stud Mycol 33, 1–194. [Google Scholar]
  4. Boekhout, T. & Nakase, T.(1998).Sporobolomyces Kluyver & van Niel. In The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study, 4th edn, pp. 828–843. Edited by C. P. Kurtzman & J. W. Fell. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  5. Derx, H. G.(1930). Etude sur les Sporobolomycetes. Ann Mycol 28, 1–23 (in French). [Google Scholar]
  6. Fell, J. W. & Statzell-Tallman, A.(1984).Sporidiobolus Nyland. In The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study, 3rd edn, pp. 532–540. Edited by N. J. W. Kreger-van Rij. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  7. Fell, J. W. & Tallman, A. S.(1981). Heterothallism in the basidiomycetous yeast genus Sporidiobolus Nyland. Curr Microbiol 5, 77–82.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  8. Fell, J. W., Blatt, G. M. & Statzell-Tallman, A.(1998). Validation of the basidiomycetous yeast, Sporidiobolus microsporus sp. nov., based on phenotypic and molecular analyses. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 74, 265–270.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. Fell, J. W., Boekhout, T., Fonseca, A., Scorzetti, G. & Statzell-Tallman, A.(2000). Biodiversity and systematics of basidiomycetous yeasts as determined by large-subunit rDNA D1/D2 domain sequence analysis. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50, 1351–1371.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  10. Felsenstein, J.(1985). Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39, 783–791.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Gadanho, M., Almeida, J. M. F. & Sampaio, J. P.(2003). Assessment of yeast diversity in a marine environment in the south of Portugal by microsatellite-primed PCR. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 84, 217–227.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Hernandez-Saavedra, N. Y., Hernandez-Saavedra, D. & Ochoa, J. L.(1992). Distribution of Sporobolomyces (Kluyver et van Niel) genus in the western coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico. Syst Appl Microbiol 15, 319–322.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  13. Hirst, J. M.(1953). Changes in atmospheric spore content: diurnal periodicity and the effects of water. Trans Br Mycol Soc 36, 375–393.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. Kurtzman, C. P., Smiley, M. J., Johnson, C. J., Wickerham, L. J. & Fuson, G. B.(1980). Two new and closely related heterothallic species, Pichia amylophila and Pichia mississipiensis: characterization by hybridization and deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation. Int J Syst Bacteriol 30, 208–216.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. Last, F. T.(1955). Seasonal incidence of Sporobolomyces on cereal leaves. Trans Br Mycol Soc 38, 221–239.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  16. Libkind, D., Brizzio, S., Ruffini, A., Gadanho, M., van Broock, M. & Sampaio, J. P.(2003). Molecular characterization of carotenogenic yeasts from aquatic environments in Patagonia, Argentina. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 84, 313–322.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  17. Nakase, T.(2000). Expanding world of ballistosporous yeasts: distribution in the phyllosphere, systematics and phylogeny. J Gen Appl Microbiol 46, 189–216.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Sampaio, J. P., Gadanho, M., Santos, S., Duarte, F. L., Pais, C., Fonseca, A. & Fell, J. W.(2001). Polyphasic taxonomy of the basidiomycetous yeast genus Rhodosporidium: Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae and related anamorphic species. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51, 687–697. [Google Scholar]
  19. Statzell-Tallman, A. & Fell, J. W.(1998).Sporidiobolus Nyland. In The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study, 4th edn, pp. 693–699. Edited by C. P. Kurtzman & J. W. Fell. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  20. Swofford, D. L.(2002).paup*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (and other methods), version 4. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
  21. Tubaki, K.(1953). Studies on the Sporobolomycetaceae in Japan. III. On Sporobolomyces and Bullera. Nagaoa 3, 12–21. [Google Scholar]
  22. Valério, E., Gadanho, M. & Sampaio, J. P.(2002).Sporobolomyces odoratus sp. nov., a new species in the Sporidiobolus ruineniae clade. FEMS Yeast Res 2, 9–16. [Google Scholar]
  23. Valério, E., Gadanho, M. & Sampaio, J. P.(2008).Sporidiobolus johnsonii and Sporidiobolus salmonicolor revisited. Mycol Prog in press Published online ahead of print 6 September 2007. [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error