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Abstract

Four bacterial strains, designated K9, K105, K1012A and K101, were isolated from soil in Lithuania. All these strains could use n-butanol as a sole carbon source. The strains grew in a medium containing 12–120 mM n-butanol. The strains were strictly aerobic, Gram-positive endospore-formers. The best growth was achieved at 25 °C and pH 7.0 in medium containing 1 % (w/v) NaCl. The strains showed identical profiles of 16S–23S rRNA internal transcribed spacer PCR and nearly identical 16S rRNA gene PCR-RFLP electrophoretic patterns and physiological characteristics, demonstrating their relationship at the species level. The cellular fatty acid profile of K9 consisted of significant amounts of the C branched-chain fatty acids iso-C (16.78 %) and anteiso-C (45.80 %). The diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid was -diaminopimelic acid. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of K9 showed the highest similarity to the sequences of DSM 1321 and LMG 20238 (98.3 and 97.7 %, respectively). The DNA G+C content was 37.4 mol%. Studies of DNA–DNA relatedness, morphological, physiological and chemotaxonomic analyses and phylogenetic data based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing allowed strains K9, K105, K1012A and K101 to be described as members of a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is K9 (=DSM 18926 =LMG 23974).

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2008-02-01
2019-10-20
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Supplements

vol. , part 2, pp. 505 - 509

ARDRA ( III) and RISA gel-electrophoretic profiles of strains K9 , K105, K1012A and K101.

ARDRA ( I, II, I) gel-electrophoretic profiles of strains K9 , K105, K1012A and K101.

[PDF file of Supplementary Figs S1 and S2](163 KB)



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