A novel yellow-pigmented actinobacterium was isolated from seawater collected from Hwasun Beach in Jeju, Republic of Korea. A comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the organism, designated HFW-26, was closely related to members of the genus . As found for other species of the genus , strain HFW-26 possessed -diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid, contained MK-8(H) as the major menaquinone, contained polar lipids that included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and an unknown phospholipid, and had anteiso-C and anteiso-C as the predominant fatty acids. The G+C content of the DNA was 71.4 mol%. The phylogenetically closest relative was DSM 16132 (99.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). However, DNA–DNA hybridization of strain HFW-26 showed 35.1–43.7 % relatedness with respect to DSM 16132. The novel isolate could be clearly distinguished from DSM 16132 on the basis of some cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics. A battery of phenotypic and genetic data obtained in this study suggest that strain HFW-26 represents a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HFW-26 (=JBRI 2001=KCTC 19221=DSM 18964).


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vol. , part 2, pp. 500 - 504

Transmission electron micrographs of cells of strain HFW-26 . [ PDF] 37 KB

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