1887

Abstract

Aerobic enrichment at 4 M NaCl, pH 7.5, with methanol as carbon and energy source from sediments of hypersaline chloride–sulfate lakes in Kulunda Steppe (Altai, Russia) resulted in the isolation of a moderately halophilic and obligately methylotrophic bacterium, strain HMT 1. The bacterium grew with methanol and methylamine within a pH range of 6.8–8.2 with an optimum at pH 7.5 and at NaCl concentrations of 0.5–4 M with an optimum at 2 M. In addition to methanol and methylamine, it can oxidize ethanol, formate, formaldehyde and dimethylamine. Carbon is assimilated via the serine pathway. The main compatible solute is glycine betaine. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis placed the isolate as a new lineage in the family (). It is proposed, therefore, to accommodate this bacterium within a novel genus and species, gen. nov., sp. nov., with HMT 1 (=DSM 15733 =NCCB 100208 =UNIQEM U237) as the type strain. Two strains were obtained in pure culture from sediments of soda lake Magadi in Kenya and the Kulunda Steppe (Russia) on a mineral medium at pH 10 containing 0.6 M total Na using methanol as a substrate. Strain AMT 1 was enriched with methanol, while strain AMT 3 originated from an enrichment culture with CO. The isolates are restricted facultative methylotrophs, capable of growth with methanol, formate and acetate as carbon and energy sources. With methanol, the strains grew within a broad salinity range from 0.3 to 3.5–4 M total Na, with an optimum at 0.5–1 M. The pH range for growth was between 8.3 and 10.5, with an optimum at pH 9.5, which characterized the soda lake isolates as obligate haloalkaliphiles. Carbon is assimilated autotrophically via the Calvin–Benson cycle. Sequence analysis of the gene coding for the key enzyme RuBisCO demonstrated that strain AMT 1 possessed a single gene of the ‘green’ form I, clustering with members of the family . Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strains AMT 1 and AMT 3 belong to a single species that forms a separate lineage within the family . On the basis of phenotypic and genetic data, the novel haloalkaliphilic methylotrophs are described as representing a novel genus and species, gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain AMT 1 =DSM 15732 =NCCB 100209 =UNIQEM U238).

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2007-12-01
2019-12-12
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Fatty acid comparisons in methylotrophic (halo)alkaliphilic isolates AMT 1 and HMT 1 . [PDF](37 KB)

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