1887

Abstract

Mycobacterial infections in fish are usually attributed to strains of , and . Bacteria identified as have been isolated numerous times from salmonid fishes. Recently, this bacterium has been associated with salmon mortalities in the aquaculture industry. An -like species from salmon, ‘’, was described in 1960. However, the species name lost standing in nomenclature when it was omitted from the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names because the species could not be distinguished with confidence from . In the 1980s, mycobacteria isolated from salmon were characterized as a distinct subspecies, ‘ subsp. ’. Again, the uncertainty of the validity of the species resulted in the subsequent withdrawal of the name. Since then, most studies have considered isolates from salmon to be . Nucleotide sequence analysis of the small-subunit rRNA, and genes was used to examine the taxonomic relatedness of type cultures and authentic isolates in our culture collection available from earlier studies. The -like strains from salmon were phylogenetically distinct from other strains and members of the complex. Moreover, the cell-wall-bound mycolic acids were not representative of known mycolate patterns for -complex organisms. These results supported the status of the species as a separate taxon and effect the valid publication of the name ‘’ as ( Ross 1960) sp. nov., nom. rev., with the type strain SC (=ATCC 13578 =DSM 43276).

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2007-11-01
2019-10-19
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Supplements

vol. , part 11, pp. 2525 - 2531

Tree resulting from Bayesian phylogenetic analysis of gene sequences from strains of and other members of the complex.

Strict consensus tree from parsimony analysis of ITS sequences from strains of and relatives.

[PDF file of Supplementary Figs S1 and S2](451 KB)



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