1887

Abstract

A novel marine, Gram-negative, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped, strictly aerobic, gliding and oxidase- and catalase-positive bacterium (strain TD-ZE3) was isolated from a seawater sample collected off the Pacific coastline of Japan near Enoshima Island (Fujisawa, Kanagawa). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain TD-ZE3 belonged to a distinct lineage in the family , with 90.5 % sequence similarity with the nearest species . Strain TD-ZE3 could be distinguished from other members of the family by a number of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics. The DNA G+C content was 46.5 mol%. The major fatty acids were iso-C, iso-C 3-OH and iso-C 9 and menaquinone-6 was the only respiratory quinone. Zeaxanthin was the major carotenoid pigment produced; flexirubin-type pigments were not produced. Strain TD-ZE3 degraded gelatin, starch and Tween 80. Based on its unique phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic features, strain TD-ZE3 represents a novel taxon, for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TD-ZE3 (=NBRC 101990=CCUG 53613).

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2007-04-01
2019-10-18
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Scanning electron micrographs of cells of strain TD-ZE3 . [PDF](534 KB)



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