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Abstract

Strain UST040317-058, comprising non-pigmented, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative cells that are motile by means of single polar flagella, was isolated from the surface of a marine sponge () collected from the Mediterranean Sea. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis placed the strain in a separate cluster with the recognized bacterium IAM 14159, with which it showed a sequence similarity of 95.0 %. The sequence similarity between strain UST040317-058 and its other (six) closest relatives ranged from 91.6 to 93.8 %. Strain UST040317-058 showed oxidase, catalase and gelatinase activities. The typical respiratory quinones for shewanellas, menaquinone MK-7 and ubiquinones Q-7 and Q-8, were also detected. The predominant fatty acids in strain UST040317-058 were i15 : 0, 16 : 0, 17 : 18 and summed feature 3 (comprising i15 : 0 2-OH and/or 16 : 17), altogether representing 56.9 % of the total. The DNA G+C content was 39.9 mol%. The strain could be differentiated from other species by its inability to reduce nitrate or produce HS and by 10–22 additional phenotypic characteristics. On the basis of the phylogenetic and phenotypic data presented in this study, strain UST040317-058 represents a novel species in the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is UST040317-058 (=JCM 13528=NRRL B-41466).

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2006-12-01
2019-10-17
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A scanning electron micrograph of cells of strain UST040317-058 . [PDF](562 KB)



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