1887

Abstract

subsp. (type strain, DSM 1925) was found to use nitrate as a terminal electron acceptor, the latter being reduced to ammonium. Phylogenetic studies indicated that strain DSM 1925 was distantly related to the type strain of (95.4 % similarity of the small-subunit rRNA gene) and had as its closest phylogenetic relatives two other nitrate- and sulfate-reducing bacteria, namely (99.4 % similarity) and (98.4 % similarity). Additional experiments were conducted to characterize better strain DSM 1925. This strain incompletely oxidized lactate and ethanol to acetate. It also oxidized butanol, pyruvate and citrate, but not glucose, fructose, acetate, propionate, butyrate, methanol, glycerol or peptone. The optimum temperature for growth was 37 °C (range 16–50 °C) and the optimum NaCl concentration for growth was 0.1 % (range 0–5 %). Because of significant genotypic and phenotypic differences from and , reclassification of subsp. as sp. nov., comb. nov., is proposed. The type strain is strain Monticello 2 (=DSM 1925=NCIMB 9442=ATCC 33405).

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2006-07-01
2019-10-22
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