An obligatorily anaerobic, thermotolerant, asporogenic bacterium, strain JW/YJL-S1, was isolated from a sediment sample of a constructed wetland system receiving acid sulfate water (pH 1.6–3.0). Cells of strain JW/YJL-S1 were straight to curved rods 0.2–0.4 μm in diameter and 2.0–7.0 μm in length, and stained Gram-negative. Growth of strain JW/YJL-S1 was observed at 25–54 °C (no growth at or below 20 or at or above 58 °C), with an optimum temperature range for growth of 42.5–46.5 °C. The pH range for growth was 6.0–8.25 (no growth at or below pH 5.7 or at or above pH 8.5), with optimum growth at pH 6.8–7.75. The salinity range for growth was 0–1.5 % (w/v) NaCl, with an optimum at 0–0.5 %. During growth on glucose the isolate produced acetate, lactate and ethanol as main fermentation end products. The fatty acid composition was dominated by branched-chain compounds: i15 : 0, a15 : 0, i16 : 0 and i17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 42.8 mol% (HPLC). Strain JW/YJL-S1 showed polymorphism of the 16S rRNA gene. Its closest relative was the thermophilic DSM 5807 (a member of cluster III) (a search revealed DSM 10365 to have 92.7 % gene sequence similarity, the highest value). The inferred phylogenetic trees placed strain JW/YJL-S1 between clusters I/II and III. Based on the morphological and phylogenetic data presented, JW/YJL-S1 (=DSM 17427=ATCC BAA-1219) is proposed as the type strain of a novel species in a new genus, gen. nov., sp. nov.


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