1887

Abstract

A strictly anaerobic, Gram-positive, endospore-forming bacterium, strain HY-37-4, was isolated from a forest-soil sample collected in Jeju, Republic of Korea. The cells were motile rods with peritrichous flagella. Strain HY-37-4 fermented various carbohydrates and the end products from glucose were formate, acetate and H. The major cellular fatty acids were C, C 3-OH and iso-C I/anteiso B. The G+C content of the DNA was 41 mol%. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequence data indicated that the forest isolate was most closely related to , , and , which belong to cluster XIVa. However, the low levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (92.3–93.9 %) with respect to these taxa indicate that strain HY-37-4 represents a novel species. Several phenotypic characteristics readily allowed the isolate to be distinguished from other phylogenetically related taxa. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence, strain HY-37-4 represents a novel taxon, for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HY-37-4 (=IMSNU 40011=KCTC 5027=DSM 15930).

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2007-08-01
2019-10-23
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