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Abstract

A highly efficient dye-decolorizing bacterium, strain S12, was isolated from activated sludge of a textile-printing waste-water treatment plant in Guangzhou, China. The cells were Gram-negative and motile by means of a single polar flagellum. The strain was capable of anaerobic growth either by fermentation of glucose or by anaerobic respiration and utilized a variety of electron acceptors, including nitrate, iron oxide and thiosulfate. The physiological properties, tested by using the Biolog GN2 system, were similar to those of the genus of . Analysis of the nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain S12 showed the highest similarity (98 and 97 %, respectively) to and . However, the level of similarity between strain S12 and was 87 %. DNA from strain S12 showed 41·8 and 41·9 % DNA relatedness, respectively, to the DNA of DSM 9439 and DSM 6067. The DNA G+C content of strain S12 was 49·3 mol%. The predominant menaquinone was MK-7 and the predominant ubiquinones were Q-7 and Q-8. The dominant fatty acids were 15 : 0, 16 : 0, iso-15 : 0 and 16 : 17, similar to the profiles of other species. On the basis of its physiological and molecular properties, strain S12 appears to represent a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S12 (=CCTCC M 203093=IAM 15094).

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2005-01-01
2020-01-23
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vol. , part 1, pp. 363–368

Detailed fatty acid composition data of various species and an electron micrograph of strain S12 are available to download. [PDF](615KB)



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