1887

Abstract

On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, a novel species belonging to the genus is described. A facultatively psychrophilic bacterium, strain AG31, was isolated from an alpine ice cave. The aerobic, Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, non-motile strain exhibited a rod–coccus growth cycle and produced a yellow pigment. Good growth and phenol biodegradation occurred at a temperature range of 1–25 °C. Up to 10 mM phenol was utilized as a sole carbon source. Glucose was not assimilated. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene revealed that strain AG31 represents a distinct lineage within the genus , being most closely related to . The level of DNA–DNA relatedness to the type strain of was 29·9 %. Anteiso-C was the predominant fatty acid (72 %). Strain AG31 exhibited A4 -lys–-Glu-type peptidoglycan and contained glucose as the only cell-wall sugar. MK-10 was the predominant menaquinone, and the polar lipid pattern consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and an unidentified glycolipid. Strain AG31 (=DSM 15454=LMG 21914) is assigned as the type strain of a novel species, sp. nov.

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2004-11-01
2019-10-18
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