Rule 40d of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria governs the way subspecies names are to be automatically created if they contain the type of the corresponding species. The way that authorship is to be cited is also covered by this Rule, but in its present form may not be helpful. Due consideration should be given to altering the way such subspecies names are cited.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Cohn, F.(1872). Untersuchungen über Bakterien. Beitr Biol Pflanz 1, 127–224 (in German). [Google Scholar]
  2. De Vos, P. & Trüper, H. G.(2000). Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50, 2239–2244.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. Ehrenberg, C. G.(1835). Dritter Beitrag zur Erkenntniss grosser Organisation in der Richtung des kleinsten Raumes. In Physikalische Abhandlungen der Koeniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin aus den Jahren 1833–1835, pp. 143–336 (in German).
  4. Gibson, T. & Gordon, R. E.(1974). Genus I. Bacillus Cohn 1872, 174. In Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edn, pp. 529–550. Edited by R. E. Buchanan & N. E. Gibbons. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  5. Howey, R. T., Lock, C. M. & Moore, L. V. H.(1990). Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int J Syst Bacteriol 40, 317–319.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  6. Lapage, S. P., Sneath, P. H. A., Lessel, E. F., Skerman, V. B. D., Seeliger, H. P. R. & Clark, W. A. (editors)(1992).International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Bacteriological Code. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology.
  7. McNeill, J., Barrie, F. R., Burdet, H. M., Demoulin, V., Hawksworth, D. L., Marhold, K., Nicolson, D. H., Prado, J., Silva, P. C. & other editors(2006).International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Ruggell, Liechtenstein: Gantner Verlag. http://ibot.sav.sk/icbn/main.htm
  8. Nakamura, L. K., Roberts, M. S. & Cohan, F. M.(1999). Relationship of Bacillus subtilis clades associated with strains 168 and W23: a proposal for Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis subsp. nov. and Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii subsp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 49, 1211–1215.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. Ride, W. D. L., Cogger, H. G., Dupuis, C., Kraus, O., Minelli, A., Thompson, F. C. & Tubbs, P. K. (editors)(1999).International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 4th edn. London: International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp
  10. Skerman, V. B. D., McGowan, V. & Sneath, P. H. A. (editors)1980). Approved lists of bacterial names. Int J Syst Bacteriol 30, 225–420.[CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Skerman, V. B. D., McGowan, V. & Sneath, P. H. A. (editors)1989).Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition). Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology.
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error