1887

Abstract

A mesophilic, chemoheterotrophic bacterium, strain Fu11-5, was isolated from tidal-flat sediment from Tokyo Bay, Chiba, Japan. Cells of strain Fu11-5 were facultatively aerobic, Gram-negative, non-sporulating, non-motile and rod-shaped (1.9–6.9 µm long). Strain Fu11-5 grew optimally at 35–37 °C and pH 6.5–7.0 and with 1–2 % (w/v) NaCl. Oxygen and -cysteine were used as an alternative electron acceptor and donor, respectively. Strain Fu11-5 also grew fermentatively on some pentoses, hexoses and disaccharides and soluble starch. Succinic acid was the major end product from -glucose. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain Fu11-5 was affiliated with the order , and its nearest neighbours were members of the genera , , , and with 87–91 % sequence similarity. Cell morphology, optimum growth temperature and utilization of sugars of strain Fu11-5 distinguished the strain from phylogenetically related bacteria. On the basis of its phenotypic features and phylogenetic position, a novel genus and species are proposed to accommodate strain Fu11-5, with the name gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of is strain Fu11-5 ( = JCM 18693 = NBRC 109408 = DSM 26910). We also propose to combine the family into the family as a later heterotypic synonym and to place the distinct sublineage of the genus in the family fam. nov.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Award 23770095)
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2014-11-01
2021-10-21
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