1887

Abstract

A novel type of rock-weathering bacterium was isolated from weathered rock (tuff) surface collected from Dongxiang (Jiangxi, eastern China). Cells of strain G19 were Gram-reaction-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming and non-motile. The strain was aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, and grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain G19 was shown to belong to the genus and the closest phylogenetic relatives were B8W22 (97.4 %) and IAM 13418 (97.1 %). The DNA G+C content was 36.7 mol% and the predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acids were iso-C, iso-C and anteiso-C. The polar lipid profile of strain G19 contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified lipid. Based on the low level of DNA–DNA relatedness (ranging from 49.4 % to 55.0 %) to these type strains of species of the genus and unique phenotypic characteristics, strain G19 represents a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G19 ( = CCTCC AB 2013273 = JCM 19454).

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2014-07-01
2019-10-14
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