1887

Abstract

The present classification of and its anamorph, , is based on various studies that used morphology, ecology, biochemistry, DNA–DNA reassociation comparisons and gene sequencing. In this study, the identities of strains of the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures yeast culture collection, as well as seven strains from South Africa, were examined by analyses of the nucleotide divergence in the internal transcribed spacer regions of the nuclear rRNA gene (nrRNA) operon, the D1/D2 domains of the 26S rRNA gene and partial actin gene sequences as well as compatibility studies. The South African strains were assigned to species in the genus The phylogenetic analyses and mating studies revealed that and are synonyms of and that is a synonym of

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.038984-0
2012-12-01
2019-10-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/62/12/3072.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.038984-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Alper I. , Frenette M. , Labrie S. . ( 2011; ). Ribosomal DNA polymorphisms in the yeast Geotrichum candidum . . Fungal Biol 115:, 1259–1269. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Butler E. E. , Petersen L. J. . ( 1970; ). Sexual reproduction on Geotrichum candidum . . Science 169:, 481–482. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Butler E. E. , Petersen L. J. . ( 1972; ). Endomyces geotrichum a perfect state of Geotrichum candidum . . Mycologia 64:, 365–374. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Butler E. E. , Fogle D. , Miranda M. . ( 1988; ). Galactomyces citri-aurantii, a newly found teleomorph of Geotrichum citri-aurantii, the cause of sour rot of citrus fruit. . Mycotaxon 33:, 197–212.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Daniel H.-M. , Sorrell T. C. , Meyer W. . ( 2001; ). Partial sequence analysis of the actin gene and its potential for studying the phylogeny of Candida species and their teleomorphs. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51:, 1593–1606.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. de Hoog G. S. , Gerrits van den Ende A. H. G . . ( 1998; ). Molecular diagnostics of clinical strains of filamentous basidiomycetes. . Mycoses 41:, 183–189.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. de Hoog G. S. , Smith M. Th. . ( 2004; ). Ribosomal gene phylogeny and species delimitation in Geotrichum and its teleomorphs. . Stud Mycol 50:, 489–515.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. de Hoog G. S. , Smith M. Th. . ( 2011a; ). Galactomyces Redhead & Malloch (1977). . In The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study, , 5th edn., pp. 413–420. Edited by Kurtzman C. P. , Fell J. W. , Boekhout T. . . Amsterdam;: Elsevier:. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. de Hoog G. S. , Smith M. Th. . ( 2011a; ). Geotrichum Link: Fries (1832). . In The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study, , 5th edn., pp. 1279–1286. Edited by Kurtzman C. P. , Fell J. W. , Boekhout T. . . Amsterdam;: Elsevier:. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. de Hoog G. S. , Smith M. Th. , Guého E. . ( 1986; ). A revision of the genus Geotrichum and its teleomorphs. . Stud Mycol 29:, 1–131.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Groenewald M. , Daniel H.-M. , Robert V. , Poot G. A. , Smith M. Th. . ( 2008; ). Polyphasic re-examination of Debaryomyces hansenii strains and reinstatement of D. hansenii, D. fabryi and D. subglobosus . . Persoonia 21:, 17–27. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Guého E. , Tredick J. , Phaff H. J. . ( 1985; ). DNA relatedness among species of Geotrichum and Dipodascus . . Can J Bot 63:, 961–966.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hawksworth D. L. , Crous P. W. , Redhead S. A. , Reynolds D. R. , Samson R. A. , Seifert K. A. , Taylor J. W. , Wingfield M. J. , Abaci O. . & other authors ( 2011; ). The Amsterdam declaration on fungal nomenclature. . IMA Fungus 2:, 105–112. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kaewwichian R. , Yongmanitchai W. , Srisuk N. , Fujiyama K. , Limtong S. . ( 2010; ). Geotrichum siamensis sp. nov. and Geotrichum phurueaensis sp. nov., two asexual arthroconidial yeast species isolated in Thailand. . FEMS Yeast Res 10:, 214–220. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Katoh K. , Misawa K. , Kuma K. , Miyata T. . ( 2002; ). MAFFT: a novel method for rapid multiple sequence alignment based on fast Fourier transform. . Nucleic Acids Res 30:, 3059–3066. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kauserud H. , Schumacher T. . ( 2003; ). Ribosomal DNA variation, recombination and inheritance in the basidiomycete Trichaptum abietinum: implications for reticulate evolution. . Heredity (Edinb) 91:, 163–172. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Knapp S. , McNeill J. , Turland N. J. . ( 2011; ). Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne – what does e-publication mean for you?. PhytoKeys 6:, 5–11. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Knutsen A. K. , Robert V. , Poot G. A. , Epping W. , Figge M. , Holst-Jensen A. , Skaar I. , Smith M. Th. . ( 2007; ). Polyphasic re-examination of Yarrowia lipolytica strains and the description of three novel Candida species: Candida oslonensis sp. nov., Candida alimentaria sp. nov. and Candida hollandica sp. nov.. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57:, 2426–2435. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kurtzman C. P. , Robnett C. J. . ( 1995; ). Molecular relationships among hyphal ascomycetous yeasts and yeastlike taxa. . Can J Bot 73: (Suppl. 1), 824–830. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kurtzman C. P. , Robnett C. J. . ( 1998; ). Identification and phylogeny of ascomycetous yeasts from analysis of nuclear large subunit (26S) ribosomal DNA partial sequences. . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 73:, 331–371. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lachance M.-A. , Rosa C. A. , Starmer W. T. , Schlag-Edler B. , Barker J. S. F. , Bowles J. M. . ( 1998; ). Metschnikowia continentalis var. borealis, Metschnikowia continentalis var. continentalis, and Metschnikowia hibisci, new heterothallic haploid yeasts from ephemeral flowers and associated insects. . Can J Microbiol 44:, 279–288. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lachance M.-A. , Daniel H. M. , Meyer W. , Prasad G. S. , Gautam S. P. , Boundy-Mills K. . ( 2003; ). The D1/D2 domain of the large-subunit rDNA of the yeast species Clavispora lusitaniae is unusually polymorphic. . FEMS Yeast Res 4:, 253–258. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Naumov G. I. . ( 1987; ). Genetic basis for classification and identification of the ascomycetous yeasts. . Stud Mycol 30:, 469–475.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Naumov G. I. , Naumova E. S. , Kondratieva V. I. , Bulat S. A. , Mironenko N. V. , Mendonca-Hagler L. C. , Hagler A. N. . ( 1997; ). Genetic and molecular delineation of three sibling species in the Hansenula polymorpha complex. . Syst Appl Microbiol 20:, 50–56. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Nielsen D. S. , Jakobsen M. , Jespersen L. . ( 2010; ). Candida halmiae sp. nov., Geotrichum ghanense sp. nov. and Candida awuaii sp. nov., isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 60:, 1460–1465. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Pimenta R. S. , Alves P. D. D. , Corrêa A. Jr , Lachance M. A. , Prasad G. S. , Rajaram , Sinha B. R. , Rosa C. A. . ( 2005; ). Geotrichum silvicola sp. nov., a novel asexual arthroconidial yeast species related to the genus Galactomyces . . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:, 497–501. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Pitt J. I. , Miller M. W. . ( 1970; ). Speciation in the yeast genus Metschnikowia . . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 36:, 357–381. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Redhead S. A. , Malloch D. W. . ( 1977; ). The Endomycetaceae: new concepts, new taxa. . Can J Bot 55:, 1701–1711. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Rossman A. Y. , Seifert K. A. . ( 2011; ). Phylogenetic revision of taxonomic concepts in the Hypocreales and other Ascomycota – a tribute to Gary J. Samuels (Stud Mycol 68).
  30. Smith M. Th. , de Cock A. W. , Poot G. A. , Steensma H. Y. . ( 1995; ). Genome comparisons in the yeastlike fungal genus Galactomyces Redhead et Malloch. . Int J Syst Bacteriol 45:, 826–831. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Smith M. Th. , Robert V. , Poot G. A. , Epping W. , de Cock A. W. A. M. . ( 2005; ). Taxonomy and phylogeny of the ascomycetous yeast genus Zygoascus, with proposal of Zygoascus meyerae sp. nov. and related anamorphic varieties. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:, 1353–1363. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Suh S.-O. , Blackwell M. . ( 2006; ). Three new asexual arthroconidial yeasts, Geotrichum carabidarum sp. nov., Geotrichum histeridarum sp. nov., and Geotrichum cucujoidarum sp. nov., isolated from the gut of insects. . Mycol Res 110:, 220–228. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Sulo P. , Laurencík M. , Poláková S. , Minárik G. , Sláviková E. . ( 2009; ). Geotrichum bryndzae sp. nov., a novel asexual arthroconidial yeast species related to the genus Galactomyces . . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 59:, 2370–2374. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Swofford D. L. . ( 2003; ). paup*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods), version 4. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
  35. Ueda-Nishimura K. , Mikata K. . ( 2000; ). Two distinct 18S rRNA secondary structures in Dipodascus (Hemiascomycetes). . Microbiology 146:, 1045–1051.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Vilgalys R. , Hester M. . ( 1990; ). Rapid genetic identification and mapping of enzymatically amplified ribosomal DNA from several Cryptococcus species. . J Bacteriol 172:, 4238–4246.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. von Arx J. A. . ( 1977; ). Notes on Dipodascus, Endomyces and Geotrichum with the description of two new species. . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 43:, 333–340.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Weijman A. C. M. . ( 1979; ). Carbohydrate composition and taxonomy of Geotrichum, Trichosporon and allied genera. . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 45:, 119–127. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  39. White T. J. , Bruns T. , Lee S. , Taylor J. . ( 1990; ). Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenics. . In PCR Protocols: a Guide to Methods and Applications, pp. 315–322. Edited by Innis M. , Gelfand D. , Sninsky J. , White T. . . New York:: Academic Press;.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Wuczkowski M. , Bond Ch. , Prillinger H. . ( 2006; ). Geotrichum vulgare sp. nov., a novel asexual arthroconidial yeast. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56:, 301–303. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Yarrow D. . ( 1998; ). Methods for the isolation, maintenance and identification of yeasts. . In The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study, , 4th edn., pp. 77–100. Edited by Kurtzman C. P. , Fell J. W. . . Amsterdam:: Elsevier;. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.038984-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.038984-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Supplementary material 

PDF

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error