1887

Abstract

A yellow-coloured, rod-shaped, Gram-reaction- and Gram-staining-negative, non-motile and aerobic bacterium, designated strain ZS1-8, was isolated from a sample of sandy intertidal sediment collected from the Antarctic coast. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. In phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain ZS1-8 formed a distinct phyletic line and the results indicated that the novel strain should be placed in a new genus within the family . In pairwise comparisons between strain ZS1-8 and recognized species, the levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity were all <93.3 %. The strain required Ca and K ions as well as NaCl for growth. Optimal growth was observed at pH 7.5–8.0, 17–19 °C and with 2–3 % (w/v) NaCl. The major fatty acids were iso-C G, iso-C, summed feature 3 (iso-C 2-OH and/or Cω7), an unknown acid with an equivalent chain-length of 13.565 and iso-C 3-OH. The major respiratory quinone was MK-6. The predominant polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic DNA G+C content was 43.9 mol%. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, strain ZS1-8 represents a novel species in a new genus in the family for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is ZS1-8 ( = JCM 17291 = DSM 23421).

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2012-09-01
2020-01-19
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