1887

Abstract

Three strains of a hitherto unknown, Gram-negative, anaerobic coccus were isolated from human samples. At the phenotypic level, the isolates displayed all the characteristics of bacteria belonging to the genus . Sequence analysis revealed that the three strains shared >99·5 % similarity in 16S rDNA sequence and >98·4 % similarity in sequence. The three unknown strains formed a separate subclade that was clearly remote from species of human and animal origin. Based on these results, the three strains were considered to represent a novel species within the genus , for which the name is proposed. The type strain of the species is ADV 281.99 (=CIP 107992=CCUG 48299).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02952-0
2004-07-01
2019-12-11
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/54/4/ijs541311.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02952-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bladen, H. A. & Mergenhagen, S. E. ( 1964; ). Ultrastructures of Veillonella and morphological correlation of an outer membrane with particles associated with endotoxic activity. J Bacteriol 88, 1482–1492.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Carlier, J.-P. ( 1985; ). Gas chromatography of fermentation products: its application in diagnosis of anaerobic bacteria. Bull Inst Pasteur 83, 57–69.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Carlier, J.-P., Marchandin, H., Jumas-Bilak, E., Lorin, V., Henry, C., Carrière, C. & Jean-Pierre, H. ( 2002; ). Anaeroglobus geminatus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Veillonellaceae. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52, 983–986.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Felsenstein, J. ( 1993; ). phylip (phylogeny inference package), version 3.5c. Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
  5. Garrity, G. M. & Holt, J. G. ( 2001; ). Taxonomic outline of the Archaea and Bacteria. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 1, pp. 155–166. Edited by D. R. Boone & R. W. Castenholz. New York: Springer.
  6. Holdeman, L. V., Cato, E. P. & Moore, W. E. C. (editors) ( 1977; ). Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, 4th edn. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
  7. Houston, S., Taylor, D. & Rennie, R. ( 1997; ). Prosthetic valve endocarditis due to Veillonella dispar: successful medical treatment following penicillin desensitization. Clin Infect Dis 24, 1013–1014.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kalmokoff, M. L., Austin, J. W., Whitford, M. F. & Teather, R. M. ( 2000; ). Characterization of a major envelope protein from the rumen anaerobe Selenomonas ruminantium OB268. Can J Microbiol 46, 295–303.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kamio, Y. & Takahashi, H. ( 1980; ). Outer membrane proteins and cell surface structure of Selenomonas ruminantium. J Bacteriol 141, 899–907.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Kishino, H. & Hasegawa, M. ( 1989; ). Evaluation of the maximum likelihood estimate of the evolutionary tree topologies from DNA sequence data, and the branching order in Hominoidea. J Mol Evol 29, 170–179.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Kluge, A. G. & Farris, F. S. ( 1969; ). Quantitative phyletics and the evolution of anurans. Syst Zool 18, 1–32.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kolenbrander, P. E. & Moore, L. V. H. ( 1992; ). The genus Veillonella. In The Prokaryotes, 2nd edn, pp. 2034–2047. Edited by H. G. Balows, M. Trüper, W. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer. New York: Springer.
  13. Liu, J. W., Wu, J. J., Wang, L. R., Teng, L. J. & Huang, T. C. ( 1998; ). Two fatal cases of Veillonella bacteremia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 17, 62–64.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Males, B. M., Berthold, P., Dougherty, P. A. & Listgarten, M. A. ( 1984; ). Helical flagellation in Centipeda periodontii, a Gram-negative, anaerobic bacillus from periodontitis lesions. J Gen Microbiol 130, 185–191.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Marchandin, H., Jean-Pierre, H., Carrière, C., Canovas, F., Darbas, H. & Jumas-Bilak, E. ( 2001; ). Prosthetic joint infection due to Veillonella dispar. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 20, 340–342.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Marchandin, H., Jumas-Bilak, E., Gay, B., Teyssier, C., Jean-Pierre, H., Siméon de Buochberg, M., Carrière, C. & Carlier, J.-P. ( 2003a; ). Phylogenetic analysis of some Sporomusa sub-branch members isolated from human clinical specimens: description of Megasphaera micronuciformis sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53, 547–553.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Marchandin, H., Teyssier, C., Siméon de Buochberg, M., Jean-Pierre, H., Carrière, C. & Jumas-Bilak, E. ( 2003b; ). Intra-chromosomal heterogeneity between the four 16S rRNA gene copies in the genus Veillonella: implications for phylogeny and taxonomy. Microbiology 149, 1493–1501.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Mays, T. D., Holdeman, L. V., Moore, W. E. C., Rogosa, M. & Johnson, J. L. ( 1982; ). Taxonomy of the genus Veillonella Prévot. Int J Syst Bacteriol 32, 28–36.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Morgenstern, B. ( 2002; ). A simple and space-efficient fragment-chaining algorithm for alignment of DNA and protein sequences. Appl Math Lett 15, 11–16.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Olsen, G. J., Matsuda, H., Hagstrom, R. & Overbeek, R. ( 1994; ). fastDNAml: a tool for construction of phylogenetic trees of DNA sequences using maximum likelihood. Comput Appl Biosci 10, 41–48.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rogosa, M. ( 1965; ). The genus Veillonella. IV. Serological groupings, and genus and species emendations. J Bacteriol 90, 704–709.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Rogosa, M. ( 1971; ). Transfer of Veillonella Prévot and Acidaminococcus Rogosa from Neisseriaceae to Veillonellaceae fam. nov., and the inclusion of Megasphaera Rogosa in Veillonellaceae. Int J Syst Bacteriol 21, 231–233.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Rogosa, M. ( 1984; ). Anaerobic Gram-negative cocci. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, pp. 680–685. Edited by N. R. Krieg & J. G. Holt. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  24. Saitou, N. & Nei, M. ( 1987; ). The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4, 406–425.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Sato, T., Matsuyama, J., Sato, M. & Hoshino, E. ( 1997a; ). Differentiation of Veillonella atypica, Veillonella dispar and Veillonella parvula using restricted fragment-length polymorphism analysis of 16S rDNA amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Oral Microbiol Immunol 12, 350–353.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sato, T., Sato, M., Matsuyama, J. & Hoshino, E. ( 1997b; ). PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of genes coding for 16S rRNA in Veillonella spp. Int J Syst Bacteriol 47, 1268–1270.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Singh, N. & Yu, V. L. ( 1992; ). Osteomyelitis due to Veillonella parvula: case report and review. Clin Infect Dis 14, 361–363.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Stackebrandt, E. & Goebel, B. M. ( 1994; ). Taxonomic note: a place for DNA-DNA reassociation and 16S rRNA sequence analysis in the present species definition in bacteriology. Int J Syst Bacteriol 44, 846–849.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Veys, A., Callewaert, W., Waelkens, E. & Van den Abbeele, K. ( 1989; ). Application of gas-liquid chromatography to the routine identification of nonfermenting gram-negative bacteria in clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol 27, 1538–1542.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02952-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02952-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error