1887

Abstract

Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison, an isolate that was detected in sterile-filtered vegetable broth was classified as a novel member of the line of descent of the . Strain MF-EP02 resembles members of the two species of with validly published names, and , in morphology, fatty acid composition, lack of menaquinones in aerobically and anaerobically grown cultures, DNA G+C content and peptidoglycan amino acid composition. Distinct differences in physiological characteristics, however, support the allocation of this isolate to a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. (type strain, MF-EP02=DSM 15511=CIP 107935) is proposed. Members of the line of descent are included in the family fam. nov.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02898-0
2004-01-01
2019-10-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/54/1/ijs540221.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02898-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Collins, M. D. & Jones, D. ( 1981; ). Distribution of isoprenoid quinone structural types in bacteria and their taxonomic implication. Microbiol Rev 45, 316–354.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Collins, M. D., Pirouz, T., Goodfellow, M. & Minnikin, D. E. ( 1977; ). Distribution of menaquinones in actinomycetes and corynebacteria. J Gen Microbiol 100, 221–230.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Collins, M. D., Lawson, P. A., Willems, A., Cordoba, J. J., Fernandez-Garayzabal, J., Garcia, P., Cai, J., Hippe, H. & Farrow, J. A. E. ( 1994; ). The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int J Syst Bacteriol 44, 812–826.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. DeSoete, G. ( 1983; ). A least squares algorithm for fitting additive trees to proximity data. Psychometrika 48, 621–626.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Felsenstein, J. ( 1993; ). phylip (phylogeny inference package), version 3.5c. Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
  6. Groth, I., Schumann, P., Weiss, N., Martin, K. & Rainey, F. A. ( 1996; ). Agrococcus jenensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new genus of actinomycetes with diaminobutyric acid in the cell wall. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46, 234–239.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Jones, D. ( 1986; ). Genus Erysipelothrix. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, pp. 1245–1249. Edited by P. H. A. Sneath, N. S. Mair, M. E. Sharpe & J. G. Holt. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  8. Jukes, T. H. & Cantor, C. R. ( 1969; ). Evolution of protein molecules. In Mammalian Protein Metabolism, pp. 21–132. Edited by H. N. Munro. New York: Academic Press.
  9. Ludwig, W., Strunk, O., Westram, R. & 29 other authors ( 2003; ). arb, a software environment for sequence data (http://www2.mikro.biologie.tu-muenchen.de/arb/).
  10. MacKenzie, S. L. ( 1987; ). Gas chromatographic analysis of amino acids as the N-heptafluorobutyryl isobutyl esters. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 70, 151–160.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Makino, S., Okada, Y., Maruyama, T., Ishikawa, K., Takahashi, T., Nakamura, M., Ezaki, T. & Morita, H. ( 1994; ). Direct and rapid detection of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae DNA in animals by PCR. J Clin Microbiol 32, 1526–1531.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Mesbah, M., Premachandran, U. & Whitman, W. B. ( 1989; ). Precise measurement of the G+C content of deoxyribonucleic acid by high-performance liquid chromatography. Int J Syst Bacteriol 39, 159–167.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Migula, W. ( 1900; ). System der Bakterien, vol. 2. Jena: Gustav Fischer.
  14. Miller, L. T. ( 1982; ). Single derivatization method for routine analysis of bacterial whole-cell fatty acid methyl esters, including hydroxy acids. J Clin Microbiol 16, 584–586.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Rainey, F. A., Ward-Rainey, N., Kroppenstedt, R. M. & Stackebrandt, E. ( 1996; ). The genus Nocardiopsis represents a phylogenetically coherent taxon and a distinct actinomycete lineage: proposal of Nocardiopsaceae fam. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 46, 1088–1092.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Sasser, M. ( 1990; ). Identification of Bacteria by Gas Chromatography of Cellular Fatty Acids (technical note no. 101). Newark, DE: MIDI Inc. (http://www.midi-inc.com/media/pdfs/TechNote_101.pdf).
  17. Schleifer, K. H. & Kandler, O. ( 1972; ). Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications. Bacteriol Rev 36, 407–477.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Schubert, K. & Fiedler, F. ( 2001; ). Structural investigations on the cell surface of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. Syst Appl Microbiol 24, 26–30.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Skerman, V. B. D., McGowan, V. & Sneath, P. H. A. ( 1980; ). Approved lists of bacterial names. Int J Syst Bacteriol 30, 225–420.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Smibert, R. M. & Krieg, N. R. ( 1994; ). Phenotypic characterization. In Methods for General and Molecular Bacteriology, pp. 607–655. Edited by P. Gerhardt, R. G. E. Murray, W. A. Wood & N. R. Krieg. Washington, DC: American Society for Microbiology.
  21. Stackebrandt, E. & Goebel, B. M. ( 1994; ). Taxonomic note: a place for DNA–DNA reassociation and 16S rRNA sequence analysis in the present species definition in bacteriology. Int J Syst Bacteriol 44, 846–849.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Takahashi, T., Fujisawa, T., Benno, Y., Tamura, Y., Sawada, T., Suzuki, S., Muramatsu, M. & Mitsuoka, T. ( 1987; ). Erysipelothrix tonsillarum sp. nov. isolated from tonsils of apparently healthy pigs. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37, 166–168.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Takahashi, T., Fujisawa, T., Tamura, Y., Suzuki, S., Muramatsu, M., Sawada, T., Benno, Y. & Mitsuoka, T. ( 1992; ). DNA relatedness among Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae strains representing all twenty-three serovars and Erysipelothrix tonsillarum. Int J Syst Bacteriol 42, 469–473.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Takeshi, K., Makino, S., Ikeda, T. & 7 other authors ( 1999; ). Direct and rapid detection by PCR of Erysipelothrix sp. DNAs prepared from bacterial strains and animal tissues. J Clin Microbiol 37, 4093–4098.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Willems, A., Moore, W. E. C., Weiss, N. & Collins, M. D. ( 1997; ). Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of some Eubacterium-like isolates containing a novel type B wall murein from human feces: description of Holdemania filiformis gen. nov., sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 47, 1201–1204.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Wood, R. L. & Shuman, R. D. ( 1975; ). Swine erysipelas. In Diseases of Swine, 4th edn, pp. 565–620. Edited by H. W. Dunne & A. D. Leman. Ames, IA: State University Press.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02898-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02898-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

vol. , part 1, pp. 221 – 225

Fatty acid compositions.

[PDF](140 KB)



PDF

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error