1887

Abstract

The taxonomic position of two strains of a novel heterotrophic, strictly aerobic, Gram-negative, gliding, dark-orange-pigmented bacterium, designated KMM 6217 and KMM 6332, was determined. The strains grew at 10–40 °C and with 0.5–8.0 % NaCl. They were catalase- and oxidase-positive, produced flexirubin-type pigments and hydrolysed aesculin, gelatin, starch, Tween 80 and DNA. The predominant fatty acids were iso-C, iso-C, C, summed feature 3 (comprising iso-C 2-OH and/or Cω7) and iso-C 3-OH. The polar lipid profile comprised phosphatidylethanolamine as the major component, three unknown aminolipids and one unknown lipid. The DNA G+C content was 34.7–34.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the novel isolates could be placed in the family . The nearest neighbours of strains KMM 6217 and KMM 6332 were members of the genera , , , , and , with sequence similarities to the type strains of species of these genera of 92.8–95.2, 93.7–94.5, 94.1–94.7, 94.9, 94.6 and 93.5–94.4 %, respectively. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strains KMM 6217 and KMM 6332 should be classified as representatives of a novel species in a new genus in the family of the phylum ‘’, for which the name gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is KMM 6217 ( = JCM 17525 = KCTC 23026).

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2012-03-01
2019-10-22
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