1887

Abstract

The taxonomic position of a soil isolate, strain SA 233, recovered from Saharan soil from Algeria was established using a polyphasic approach. This isolate has been previously reported to produce three novel dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics, and preliminary chemotaxonomic and morphological characteristics suggested that it was representative of a member of the genus . Phylogenetic analysis of the strain from 16S rDNA sequences, along with a detailed analysis of morphological, chemotaxonomic and physiological characteristics, indicates that it belongs to the genus and represents a novel species that is readily distinguished from all recognized species. The name sp. nov. is proposed for the isolate, with type strain SA 233 (=NRRL B-24137=DSM 44581).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02679-0
2004-07-01
2019-10-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/54/4/ijs541377.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02679-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Athalye, M., Goodfellow, M., Lacey, J. & White, R. P. ( 1985; ). Numerical classification of Actinomadura and Nocardiopsis. Int J Syst Bacteriol 35, 86–98.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Becker, B., Lechevalier, M. P., Gordon, R. E. & Lechevalier, H. A. ( 1964; ). Rapid differentiation between Nocardia and Streptomyces by paper chromatography of whole-cell hydrolysates. Appl Microbiol 12, 421–423.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. De Ley, J., Cattoir, H. & Reynaerts, A. ( 1970; ). The quantitative measurement of DNA hybridization from renaturation rates. Eur J Biochem 12, 133–142.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Goodfellow, M. ( 1971; ). Numerical taxonomy of some nocardioform bacteria. J Gen Microbiol 69, 33–80.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Gordon, R. E. & Barnett, D. A. ( 1977; ). Resistance to rifampin and lysozyme of strains of some species of Mycobacterium and Nocardia as a taxonomic tool. Int J Syst Bacteriol 27, 176–178.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gordon, R. E., Barnett, D. A., Handerhan, J. E. & Pang, C.-H. N. ( 1974; ). Nocardia coeliaca, Nocardia autotrophica, and the nocardin strain. Int J Syst Bacteriol 24, 54–63.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Grund, E. & Kroppenstedt, R. M. ( 1989; ). Transfer of five Nocardiopsis species to the genus Saccharothrix Labeda et al., 1984. Syst Appl Microbiol 12, 267–274.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Hayakawa, M. & Nonomura, H. ( 1987; ). Humic acid–vitamin agar, a new medium for the selective isolation of soil actinomycetes. J Ferment Technol 65, 501–509.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kelly, K. L. & Judd, D. B. ( 1976; ). Color. Universal Language and Dictionary of Names (National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 440). Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce.
  10. Kimura, M. ( 1980; ). A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J Mol Evol 16, 111–120.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Labeda, D. P. ( 1998; ). DNA relatedness among the Streptomyces fulvissimus and Streptomyces griseoviridis phenotypic cluster groups. Int J Syst Bacteriol 48, 829–832.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Labeda, D. P. ( 2002; ). The family Actinosynnemataceae. In The Prokaryotes: an Evolving Electronic Resource for the Microbiological Community, 3rd edn, release 3.9, 1 April 2002. Edited by M. Dworkin et al. New York: Springer. http://www.prokaryotes.com
  13. Labeda, D. P. & Kroppenstedt, R. M. ( 2000; ). Phylogenetic analysis of Saccharothrix and related taxa: proposal for Actinosynnemataceae fam. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50, 331–336.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Labeda, D. P., Hatano, K., Kroppenstedt, R. M. & Tamura, T. ( 2001; ). Revival of the genus Lentzea and proposal for Lechevalieria gen. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51, 1045–1050.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Lamari, L., Zitouni, A., Boudjella, H., Badji, B., Sabaou, N., Lebrihi, A., Lefebvre, G., Seguin, E. & Tillequin, F. ( 2002; ). New dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics from Saccharothrix sp. SA 233. I. Taxonomy, fermentation, isolation, and biological activities. J Antibiot 55, 696–701.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Lechevalier, M. P. & Lechevalier, H. A. ( 1970; ). Chemical composition as a criterion in the classification of aerobic actinomycetes. Int J Syst Bacteriol 34, 435–444.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Lechevalier, M. P., de Bièvre, C. & Lechevalier, H. A. ( 1977; ). Chemotaxonomy of aerobic actinomycetes: phospholipid composition. Biochem Syst Ecol 5, 249–260.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Maidak, B. L., Larsen, N., McCaughey, M. J., Overbeek, R., Olsen, G. J., Fogel, K., Blandy, J. & Woese, C. R. ( 1994; ). The Ribosomal Database Project. Nucleic Acids Res 22, 3485–3487.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Marchal, N. & Bourdon, J. L. ( 1973; ). Milieux de Culture et Identification Biochimique des Bactéries. Paris: Doin (in French).
  20. Minnikin, D. E., Patel, P. V., Alshamaony, L. & Goodfellow, M. ( 1977; ). Polar lipid composition in the classification of Nocardia and related bacteria. Int J Syst Bacteriol 27, 104–107.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Minnikin, D. E., Hutchinson, I. G., Caldicott, A. B. & Goodfellow, M. ( 1980; ). Thin-layer chromatography of methanolysates of mycolic acid-containing bacteria. J Chromatogr 188, 221–233.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Saitou, N. & Nei, M. ( 1987; ). The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4, 406–425.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Shirling, E. B. & Gottlieb, D. ( 1966; ). Methods for characterization of Streptomyces species. Int J Syst Bacteriol 16, 313–340.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Sierra, G. ( 1957; ). A simple method for the detection of lipolytic activity of micro-organisms and some observations on the influence of contact between the cells and fatty substrates. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 23, 15–22.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Waksman, S. A. ( 1961; ). Classification, identification, and descriptions of genera and species. In The Actinomycetes, vol. 2, pp. 331–332. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  26. Wayne, L. G., Brenner, D. J., Colwell, R. R. & 9 other authors ( 1987; ). Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches to bacterial systematics. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37, 463–464.[CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02679-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02679-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error