1887

Abstract

An anaerobic rod-shaped thermophile was isolated from a hydrothermal vent at Suiyo Seamount, Izu-Bonin Arc, western Pacific Ocean, and was named strain MN14. The rods were Gram-negative-staining, non-motile without flagella, 2–4 µm long and 0.5 µm wide, and divided by binary fission in the mid-exponential phase. The cells were surrounded by a sheath-like structure (toga) and occurred singly or in chains. Spheroids containing multiple cells were observed not only in the stationary phase, as previously observed for species of the order , but also from the early exponential phase. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that the peptidoglycan in rods partly disintegrated in the early growth phases and that the outer membrane of the spheroids was not completely lined with peptidoglycan. These findings suggested that the spheroids were formed from rods by the disintegration of peptidoglycan and subsequent inflation of the outer membrane. The spheroids eventually generated tiny cells in the periplasmic space, indicating a viviparous mode of proliferation in addition to binary fission. Strain MN14 grew at 40–75 °C, pH 5.0–8.2 and with 0.25–5.20 % (w/v) NaCl, with optimal growth occurring at 68 °C, pH 6.8 and with 2.5 % NaCl. The shortest doubling time was 24 min, assuming that the strain propagated only by binary fission. Elemental sulfur enhanced growth, but was not essential. Thiosulfate was not an electron acceptor for growth. The strain was a chemo-organotroph that grew on yeast extract as the sole growth substrate. Tryptone and starch supported its growth in the presence of yeast extract. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 31.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that this strain belonged to the genus . No significant DNA–DNA hybridization was observed between the genomic DNA of strain MN14 and phylogenetically related species of the genus . Based on this evidence, strain MN14 is proposed to represent a novel species, named sp. nov. The species epithet reflects the formation of multicellular and reproductive spheroids by the novel strain. The type strain of this species is MN14 ( = JCM 15059 = DSM 19918).

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2011-07-01
2019-10-14
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Various morphologies of strain MN14 revealed by epifluorescence microscopy with FM1-43 dye or with Live/Dead. [ PDF] 74 KB

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