1887

Abstract

A novel, strictly anaerobic, non-spore-forming, Gram-reaction-negative coccobacillus bacterium, designated strain YIT 12071, was isolated from human faeces. Biochemically, this strain was largely unreactive and asaccharolytic. Growth of this strain in peptone-yeast-extract broth was weak, producing no visible turbidity, and no short-chain fatty acids were detected as an end product of metabolism. Following 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain YIT 12071 was found to be most closely related to (90 % sequence similarity) and phylogenetically distinct from other known genera belonging to the order . Biochemical data supported the affiliation of this strain with the genus . Strain YIT 12071, therefore, represents a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIT 12071 (=DSM 22575 =JCM 16078). On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, species of the genera and form a distinct and deep evolutionary lineage of descent in the order . This lineage could not be associated with any of the four known families of the order . The distinct phylogenetic position and the unusual combination of chemotaxonomic characteristics shared by these genera, such as the predominant quinones and cellular fatty acid compositions, suggest that they constitute a novel family in the order , for which the name fam. nov. is proposed to accommodate the genera and .

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2011-03-01
2021-04-18
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