1887

Abstract

A psychropiezophilic bacterium, strain 2825 (=LMG 21260 =JCM 11437), isolated from deep Atlantic sediments at a depth of 2770 m and a temperature of 2 °C, was found by polyphasic analysis to represent a novel species of the genus , sp. nov. It is a strict psychrophile and a moderate piezophile, whose degree of piezophily is increased markedly when the temperature is raised to 10 °C. The piezophily of is intermediate between that of the type species, , which is not piezophilic, and that of , which is an obligate piezophile.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02227-0
2003-03-01
2021-10-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/53/2/ijs530527.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02227-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Abe F., Kato C., Horikoshi K. 1999; Pressure-regulated metabolism in microorganisms. Trends Microbiol 7:447–453 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bartlett D. H. 2000; Microbial adaptations to the psychrosphere/piezosphere. In Molecular Marine Microbiology pp 185–201Edited by Bartlett D. H. Wymondham, UK: Horizon Scientific;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. DeLong E. F., Wu K. Y., Prezelion B. B., Jovine R. V. M. 1994; High abundance of archaea in Antarctic marine picoplankton. Nature 371:695–697 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Ezaki T., Hashimoto Y., Yabuuchi E. 1989; Fluorometric deoxyribonucleic acid-deoxyribonucleic acid hybridization in microdilution wells as an alternative to membrane filter hybridization in which radioisotopes are used to determine genetic relatedness among bacterial strains. Int J Syst Bacteriol 39:224–229 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Glansdorff N., Xu Y. 2002; Microbial life at low temperatures: mechanisms of adaptation and extreme biotopes. Implications for exobiology and the origin of life. Recent Res Dev Microbiol 6:1–21
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Jannasch H. W., Wirsen C. O. 1984; Variability of pressure adaptation in deep sea bacteria. Arch Microbiol 139:281–288 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kato C., Sato T., Horikoshi K. 1995; Isolation and properties of barophilic and barotolerant bacteria from deep-sea mud samples. Biodivers Conserv 4:1–9 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kato C., Li L., Nogi Y., Nakamura Y., Tamaoka J., Horikoshi K. 1998; Extremely barophilic bacteria isolated from the Mariana Trench, Challenger Deep, at a depth of 11,000 meters. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:1510–1513
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kato C., Qureshi M., Horikoshi K. 2000a; Pressure response in deep-sea piezophilic bacteria. In Molecular Marine Microbiology pp 175–184Edited by Bartlett D. H. Wymondham, UK: Horizon Scientific;
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Kato C., Nakasone K., Qureshi M. H., Horikoshi K. 2000b; How do deep-sea microorganisms respond to the environmental pressure?. In Cell and Molecular Response to Stress vol. 1Environmental Stressors and Gene Responses pp 277–291Edited by Storey K. B., Storey. Amsterdam: Elsevier;
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Kawasaki K., Nogi Y., Hishinuma M., Nodasaka Y., Matsuyama H., Yumoto I. 2002; Psychromonas marina sp. nov., a novel halophilic, facultatively psychrophilic bacterium isolated from the coast of the Okhotsk Sea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:1455–1459 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Komagata K., Suzuki K. J. M. 1987; Lipid and cell-wall analysis in bacterial systematics. Methods Microbiol 19:161–207
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Leifson E. 1963; Determination of carbohydrate metabolism of marine bacteria. J Bacteriol 85:1183–1184
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Marteinsson V. T., Moulin P., Birrien J., Gambacorta A., Vernet M., Prieur D. 1997; Physiological responses to stress conditions and barophilic behavior of the hyperthermophilic vent archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi . Appl Environ Microbiol 63:1230–1236
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Morita R. Y. 1975; Psychrophilic bacteria. Bacteriol Rev 39:144–167
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Mountfort D. O., Rainey F. A., Burghardt J., Kaspar H. F., Stackebrandt E. 1998; Psychromonas antarcticus gen. nov., sp. nov. a new aerotolerant anaerobic, halophilic psychrophile isolated from pond sediment of the McMurdo ice shelf, Antarctica. Arch Microbiol 169:231–238 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Nogi Y., Kato C. 1999; Taxonomic studies of extremely barophilic bacteria isolated from the Mariana Trench and description of Moritella yayanosii sp. nov., a new barophilic bacterial isolate. Extremophiles 3:71–77 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Nogi Y., Kato C., Horikoshi K. 1998; Moritella japonica sp. nov., a novel barophilic bacterium isolated from a Japan Trench sediment. J Gen Appl Microbiol 44:289–295 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Nogi Y., Kato C., Horikoshi K. 2002; Psychromonas kaikoae sp. nov., a novel piezophilic bacterium from the deepest cold-seep sediments in the Japan Trench. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:1527–1532 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Rüger H.-J. 1981; Comparison of the API and Minitek identification systems with conventional methods for differentiating marine bacteria. Veröff Inst Meeresforsch Bremerhav 19:21–34
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rüger H.-J. 1988; Substrate-dependent cold adaptations in some deep-sea sediment bacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 11:90–93 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Rüger H.-J., Tan T. L. 1992; Community structures of cold and low-nutrient adapted heterotrophic sediment bacteria from the deep eastern tropical Atlantic. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 57:45–52
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Rüger H.-J., Fritze D., Spröer C. 2000; New psychrophilic and psychrotolerant Bacillus marinus strains from tropical and polar deep-sea sediments and emended description of the species. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:1305–1313 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Saito H., Miura K. 1963; Preparation of transforming deoxyribonucleic acid by phenol treatment. Biochim Biophys Acta 72:612–629
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Saitou N., Nei M. 1987; The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4:406–425
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Staley J. T., Gosink J. J. 1999; Poles apart: biodiversity and biogeography of sea ice bacteria. Annu Rev Microbiol 53:189–215 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Tamaoka J., Komagata K. 1984; Determination of DNA base composition by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. FEMS Microbiol Lett 25:125–128 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Thompson J. D., Higgins D. G., Gibson T. J. 1994; clustal w: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighing, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Res 22:4673–4680 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Wayne L. G., Brenner D. J., Colwell R. R.9 other authors 1987; Report of the ad hoc committee on reconciliation of approaches of bacterial systematics. Int J Syst Bacteriol 37:463–464 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Xu Y., Nogi Y., Kato C., Liang Z., Rüger H.-J., De Kegel D., Glansdorff N. 2003; Moritella profunda sp. nov. and Moritella abyssi sp. nov., two psychropiezophilic organisms isolated from deep Atlantic sediments. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53:533–538 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Yanagibayashi M., Nogi Y., Li L., Kato C. 1999; Changes in the microbial community in Japan Trench sediment from a depth of 6292 m during cultivation without decompression. FEMS Microbiol Lett 170:271–279 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Yayanos A. A. 1995; Microbiology to 10,500 meters in the deep sea. Annu Rev Microbiol 49:777–805 [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Yayanos D. A., Dietz D. S., Van Boxtel R. 1982; Dependence of reproduction rate on pressure as a hallmark of deep-sea bacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 44:1356–1361
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02227-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.02227-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error