1887

Abstract

A novel bacterium of the genus was discovered parasitizing bacterivorous nematodes of the genus , in selected bermudagrass () field plots in Davie, FL, USA. Soil containing this bacterium was sampled and supplied with bi-weekly inoculations of cultured species of the genus in order to build and maintain a source of endospores for continuous conservation of the bacteria for further study and characterization. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities supported its congeneric ranking with other members of the genus that have been identified from nematodes and cladocerans. There were, however, no clear sister candidates for this organism, which supported the evidence of endospore ultrastructure and host-range studies, suggesting it belonged to a novel taxon. Because members of the genus cannot yet be isolated, definitive type strains could not be maintained; therefore, the name ‘ Pasteuria aldrichii’ is proposed for this organism.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.021287-0
2011-09-01
2020-01-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/61/9/2073.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.021287-0&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Anderson J. M., Preston J. F., Dickson D. W., Hewlett T. E., Williams N. H., Maruniak J. E.. ( 1999;). Phylogenetic analysis of Pasteuria penetrans by 16S rDNA gene cloning and sequencing. . J Nematol 31:, 319–325.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Atibalentja N., Noel G. R., Domier L. L.. ( 2000;). Phylogenetic position of the North American isolate of Pasteuria that parasitizes the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines, as inferred from 16S rDNA sequence analysis. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:, 605–613. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Atibalentja N., Jakstys B. P., Noel G. R.. ( 2004;). Life cycle, ultrastructure, and host specificity of the North American isolate of Pasteuria that parasitizes the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines. . J Nematol 36:, 171–180.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baldwin J. G., Frisse L. M., Vida J. T., Eddleman C. D., Thomas W. K.. ( 1997;). An evolutionary framework for the study of developmental evolution in a set of nematodes related to Caenorhabditis elegans. . Mol Phylogenet Evol 8:, 249–259. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bekal S., Borneman J., Springer M. S., Giblin-Davis R. M., Becker J. O.. ( 2001;). Phenotypic and molecular analysis of a Pasteuria strain parasitic to the sting nematode. . J Nematol 33:, 110–115.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bishop A. H., Gowen S. R., Pembroke B., Trotter J. R.. ( 2007;). Morphological and molecular characteristics of a new species of Pasteuria parasitic on Meloidogyne ardenensis. . J Invertebr Pathol 96:, 28–33. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Blaxter M. L., De Ley P., Garey J. R., Liu L. X., Scheldeman P., Vierstraete A., Vanfleteren J. R., Mackey L. Y., Dorris M. et al. ( 1998;). A molecular evolutionary framework for the phylum Nematoda. . Nature 392:, 71–75. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Charles L., Carbone I., Davies K. G., Bird D., Burke M., Kerry B. R., Opperman C. H.. ( 2005;). Phylogenetic analysis of Pasteuria penetrans by use of multiple genetic loci. . J Bacteriol 187:, 5700–5708. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chen Z. X., Dickson D. W.. ( 1998;). Review of Pasteuria penetrans: biology, ecology, and biological control potential. . J Nematol 30:, 313–340.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Ebert D., Rainey P., Embley T. M., Scholz D.. ( 1996;). Development, life cycle, ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888: rediscovery of an obligate endoparasite of Daphnia magna Straus. . Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 351:, 1689–1701. [CrossRef]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Giblin-Davis R. M., Williams D. S., Wergin W. P., Dickson D. W., Hewlett T. E., Bekal S., Becker J. O.. ( 2001;). Ultrastructure and development of Pasteuria sp. (S-1 strain), an obligate endoparasite of Belonolaimus longicaudatus (Nemata: Tylenchida). . J Nematol 33:, 227–238.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Giblin-Davis R. M., Williams D. S., Bekal S., Dickson D. W., Brito J. A., Becker J. O., Preston J. F.. ( 2003;). Candidatus Pasteuria usgae’ sp. nov., an obligate endoparasite of the phytoparasitic nematode Belonolaimus longicaudatus. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 53:, 197–200. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Giblin-Davis R. M., Center B. J., Williams D., Schmidt L. M., Brito J. A., Dickson D. W., Preston J. F.. ( 2004;). Isolation of a Pasteuria sp. that is easily cultured on a bacteriovorous nematode, Bursilla sp. in soil. . J Nematol 36:, 319–320.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hewlett T. E., Gerber J. F., Smith K. S.. ( 2004;). In vitro culture of Pasteuria penetrans. . In Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Nematology, 8–13 June 2002, Tenerife, Spain – Nematology Monographs and Perspectives 2, 175–185. Edited by Cook R., Hunt D.J.., Leiden;, The Netherlands: Brill:.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Jenkins W. R.. ( 1964;). A rapid centrifugal-flotation technique for separating nematodes from soil. . Plant Dis Reptr 48:, 692.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kiontke K., Fitch D. H. A.. ( 2005;). The phylogenetic relationships of Caenorhabditis and other rhabditids. WormBook, ed. The C. elegans Research Community, WormBook, doi/10.1895/wormbook.1.11.1, http://www.wormbook.org. 11 pp. [CrossRef]
  17. Kumar S., Nei M., Dudley J., Tamura K.. ( 2008;). mega: a biologist-centric software for evolutionary analysis of DNA and protein sequences. . Brief Bioinform 9:, 299–306. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Metchnikoff M. E.. ( 1888;). [ Pasteuria ramosa un représentant des bactéries à division longitudinale]. . Ann Inst Pasteur (Paris) 2:, 165–170 (in French).
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Noel G. R., Atibalentja N., Domier L. L.. ( 2005;). Emended description of Pasteuria nishizawae. . Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:, 1681–1685. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Preston J. F., Dickson D. W., Maruniak J. E., Nong G., Brito J. A., Schmidt L. M., Giblin-Davis R. M.. ( 2003;). Pasteuria spp.: Systematics and phylogeny of these bacterial parasites of phytopathogenic nematodes. . J Nematol 35:, 198–207.[PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Sayre R. M., Starr M. P.. ( 1985;). Pasteuria penetrans (ex Thorne, 1940) nom. rev., comb. n., sp. n., a mycelial and endospore-forming bacterium parasitic in plant-parasitic nematodes. . In Proc Helminth Soc Wash 52:, 149–165.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Sayre R. M., Starr M. P., Golden A. M., Wergin W. P., Endo B. Y.. ( 1988;). Comparison of Pasteuria penetrans from Meloidogyne incognita with a related mycelial and endospore-forming bacterial parasite from Pratylenchus brachyurus. . In Proc Helminth Soc Wash 55:, 28–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Sayre R. M., Wergin W. P., Schmidt J. M., Starr M. P.. ( 1991;). Pasteuria nishizawae sp. nov., a mycelial and endospore-forming bacterium parasitic on cyst nematodes of genera Heterodera and Globodera. . Res Microbiol 142:, 551–564. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Southey J. F.. ( 1970;). Laboratory methods for work with plant and soil nematodes. London, UK:: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office;.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Starr M. P., Sayre R. M.. ( 1988;). Pasteuria thornei sp. nov. and Pasteuria penetrans sensu stricto emend., mycelial and endospore-forming bacteria parasitic, respectively, on plant-parasitic nematodes of the genera Pratylenchus and Meloidogyne. . Ann Inst Pasteur Microbiol 139:, 11–31. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sturhan D., Shutova T. S., Akimov V. N., Subbotin S. A.. ( 2005;). Occurrence, hosts, morphology, and molecular characterisation of Pasteuria bacteria parasitic in nematodes of the family Plectidae. . J Invertebr Pathol 88:, 17–26. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Ye W., Giblin-Davis R. M., Braasch H., Morris K., Thomas W. K.. ( 2007;). Phylogenetic relationships among Bursaphelenchus species (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchidae) inferred from nuclear ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. . Mol Phylogenet Evol 43:, 1185–1197. [CrossRef][PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.021287-0
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijs.0.021287-0
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited articles

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error