1887

Abstract

Strains MAR441 and MAR445 were isolated from Mid-Atlantic Ridge sediments from a depth of 2734 m, and were found to belong to the genus . The strains were rod-shaped, pigmented, non-motile and capable of anaerobic growth either by fermentation of carbohydrates or by anaerobic respiration. The strains utilized a variety of electron acceptors, including nitrate and ferric compounds, and could utilize peptone when grown anaerobically in a two-chambered microbial fuel cell, which used carbon cloth electrodes and delivered a stable power output of ∼150–200 mW m. The major fatty acids were typical of the genus , with major components C, iso-C, iso-C, C, Cω7, Cω7 and Cω3 fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strains MAR441 and MAR445 was 42.4 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strains MAR441 and MAR445 were most closely related to (sequence similarities 97.9  % to the type strain). DNA–DNA hybridization demonstrated only 15.6–37.2  % relatedness between strain MAR441 and the type strains of related species of the genus . Phenotypic characteristics confirmed that these isolates constituted a novel species of the genus , for which the name sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is MAR441 ( = ATCC BAA-2408 = DSM 24955).

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2015-09-01
2021-02-25
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