A novel anaerobic, thermophilic, CO-utilizing bacterium, strain 41(T), was isolated from a terrestrial hot vent on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Strain 41(T) was found to be a Gram-positive bacterium, its cells being short, straight, motile rods. Chains of three to five cells were often observed. The isolate grew only chemolithoautotrophically on CO, producing equimolar quantities of H2 and CO2 (according to the equation CO+H2O --> CO2+H2). Growth was observed in the temperature range 40-68 degrees C, with an optimum at 58 degrees C, and in the pH range 6.5-7.6, with an optimum at pH 7.0. The generation time under optimal conditions for chemolithotrophic growth was 1.1 h. The DNA G+C content was 46 +/- 1 mol%. Growth was completely inhibited by penicillin, ampicillin, streptomycin, kanamycin and neomycin. On the basis of the phenotypic and phylogenetic features, it is proposed that this isolate represents a new genus and species, Carboxydocella thermautotrophica gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain 41(T) = DSM 12356(T) = VKM B-2282(T)).


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