A novel extremely halophilic archaeon was isolated from Lake Tebenquiche, situated in the northern part of the Atacama Saltern, Chile. The cells of these micro-organisms were mostly irregularly disc-shaped. They grew in medium containing saturated concentrations of NaCl and did not require magnesium for optimal growth. The polar lipid composition revealed the presence of mannosyl-2-sulfate-(1-4)-glycosyl-archaeol, the main glycolipid of the genus Halorubrum, and two new glycolipids. The G+C content of the DNA was 63.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene placed strain ALT6-92T within the Halorubrum cluster. The low DNA-DNA hybridization value justified classification in a new species for which the name Halorubrum tebenquichense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ALT6-92T (= CECT 5317T = DSM 14210T).


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