Two novel, hyperthermophilic, anaerobic, heterotrophic archaea were isolated from shallow hydrothermal vents off Palaeochori Bay, Milos, Greece. Strain P5T (BK17S6-3-b2T) is an irregular coccus, with a single polar flagellum, growing optimally at 90 degrees C, pH 6 and 2% NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 45 mol%. Due to its morphology, phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing, DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, physiological properties and nutritional features, this strain represents a new species within the genus Thermococcus for which the name Thermococcus aegaeicus is proposed. The type strain is P5T (= DSM 12767T = JCM 10828T). Strain p8T (BK20S6-10-b1T) is a coccus that forms aggregates. It grew optimally at 85 degrees C, pH 6 and 3% NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 38 mol%. Physiological properties and sequence analysis of the 165 rRNA gene, as well as DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, indicate that this strain is a new species belonging to the genus Staphylothermus for which the name Staphylothermus hellenicus is proposed. The type strain is P8T (= DSM 12710T = JCM 10830T).


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