A strain of strictly anaerobic and moderately halophilic bacteria isolated from salted puffer fish ovaries was studied phenotypically, genotypically and phylogenetically. On the basis of its physiological and morphological characteristics, the new isolate is considered to be a member of the genus Haloanaerobium. It is a motile, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, gram-negative, obligate anaerobe that grows in the presence of 25% (w/v) NaCl. The optimum salt concentration for growth is 10% (w/v). It grows well at 15 and 45 degrees C, but not at 10 or 50 degrees C. The optimum temperature for growth is 35 degrees C. It grows at pH 6.0-9.0 and the optimum pH for growth is 7.5. It ferments N-acetylglucosamine, cellobiose, fructose, galactose, D-glucose, lactose, maltose, D-mannose, raffinose, D-ribose, sucrose and D-xylose. It ferments D-glucose with the production of hydrogen, carbon dioxide, ethanol and organic acids such as acetate, formate and lactate. 16S rRNA gene sequence information confirmed the phylogenetic position of the new isolate, strain R-9T, as a member of the genus Haloanaerobium. DNA-DNA hybridization data revealed that isolate R-9T exhibited low levels of reassociation (less than 30%) with previously described Haloanaerobium species. Based on these results, the new isolate appears to represent a new Haloanaerobium species, for which the name Haloanaerobium fermentans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is R-9T (= JCM 10494T).


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