Eleven strains of homofermentative, rod-shaped lactic acid bacteria and five strains of heterofermentative, sphere-shaped lactic acid bacteria were isolated from fermented fish (pla-ra and pla-chom) in Thailand. They were identified as new species and named Lactobacillus acidipiscis sp. nov. and Weissella thailandensis sp. nov., respectively, on the basis of phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences, DNA relatedness and phenotypic characteristics. The type strain of L. acidipiscis is FS60-1T (= PCU 207T = NRIC 0300T = HSCC 1411T = JCM 10692T = TISTR 1386T) and the type strain of Weissella thailandensis is FS61-1T (= PCU 210T = NRIC 0298T = HSCC 1412T = JCM 10695T = TISTR 1384T).


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