1887

Abstract

An almost complete gene sequence of 16S rDNA of ‘’ strain JCM 4826was determined following cloning and sequencing of the amplified gene. The sequence was aligned with those available for nocardiae and phylogenetic trees inferred using four tree-making algorithms. The organism and the type strain of consistently formed a monophyletic clade with a distant sequence similarity of 97%. However, previous DNA relatedness experiments showed that strain JCM 4826and ATCC 19247belong to different genomic species. The organism was also distinguished from representatives of all validly described species of using a combination of phenotypic features. The polyphasic evidence showed that the strain merits recognition as a new species of the genus . The name proposed for the new species is nom. rev.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-49-2-833
1999-04-01
2022-08-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/ijsem/49/2/ijs-49-2-833.html?itemId=/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-49-2-833&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Alderson G., Goodfellow M., Minnikin D. E. 1985; Menaquinone composition in the classification of Streptomyces and other sporoactinomycetes. J Gen Microbiol 131:1671–1679
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Boiron P., Provost F., Du port B. 1993 Laboratory Methods for the Diagnosis of Nocardiosis Paris: Institut Pasteur;
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Chun J., Goodfellow M. 1995; A phylogenetic analysis of the genus Nocardia with 16S rRNA gene sequences. Int J Syst Bacterial 45:240–245
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chun J., Blackall L., Kang S.O., Hah Y. C., Goodfellow M. 1997; A proposal to reclassify Nocardia pinensis Blackall et al. as Skermania piniformis gen. nov., comb. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 41:127–131
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chun J., Seung C.-N., Bae K.-S., Lee K.-J., Kang S.-O., Goodfellow M., Hah Y. C. 1998; Nocardiaflavorosea sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 48:901–905
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Felsenstein J. 1981; Evolutionary trees from DNA sequences: a maximum likelihood approach. J Mol Evol 17:368–376
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Felsenstein J. 1985; Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39:783–791
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Felsenstein J. 1993; phylip (Phylogeny Inference Package) version 3.5c. Seattle: Department of Genetics, University of Washington;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Fitch W. M. 1972; Towards defining the course of evolution:minimum change for a specific tree topology. Syst Zool 20:406–416
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fitch W. M., Margoliash E. 1967; Construction of phylogenetic trees: a method based on mutation distances as estimated from cytochrome c sequences is of general applicability. Science 155:279–284
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Friedman C. S., Beaman B. L, Chun J., Goodfellow M., Gee A., Hedrick R. P. 1998; Nocardia crassostreae sp. nov., the causal agent of nocardiosis in Pacific oysters. Int J Syst Bacteriol 48:237–246
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Goodfellow M. 1971; Numerical taxonomy of some nocardioform bacteria. J Gen Microbiol 69:33–80
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Goodfellow M. 1997; Nocardia and related genera. In Topley and Wilson s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 9. 2 Systematic Bacteriology 463–489 Balows A., Duerden B. I. London: Arnold;
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gordon R. E. 1967; The taxonomy of soil bacteria. In The Ecology of Soil Bacteria293–321 Gray T. R. G., Parkinson D. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1962; Identification of Nocardia caviae (Erikson) nov. comb. Ann N Y Acad Sci 98:628–636
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jukes T. H., Cantor C. R. 1969; Evolution of protein molecules. In Mammalian Protein Metabolism21–132 Munro H. N. New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kudo T., Hatai K., Seino A. 1988; Nocardia seriolae sp. nov. causing nocardiosis of cultured fish. Int J Syst Bacteriol 38:173–178
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Minnikin D. E., Alshamaony L., Goodfellow M. 1975; Differentiation of Mycobacterium Nocardia and related taxa by thin-layer chromatographic analyses of whole-cell methano-lysates. J Gen Microbiol 88:200–204
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Minnikin D. E., Hutchinson I. G., Caldicott A. B., Goodfellow M. 1980; Thin-layer chromatography of methanolysates of mycolic acid-containing bacteria. J Chromatogr 188:221–223
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Mordarska H., Mordarski M., Goodfellow M. 1972; Chemotaxonomic characters and classification of some nocardioform bacteria. J Gen Microbiol 71:77–86
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Mordarski M., Goodfellow M., Szyba K., Pulverer G., STkacz A. 1977; Classification of the ‘rhodochrous’ complex and allied taxa based on deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation. Int J Syst Bacteriol 11:31–37
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Orchard V. A., Goodfellow M. 1980; Numerical classification of some named strains of Nocardia asteroides and related isolates from soil. J Gen Microbiol 118:295–312
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Pridham T. G. 1970; New names and new combinations in the order Actinomycetales Buchanan 1917. US Dep Agric Tech Bull 1424:1–55
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Pridham T. G., Lyons A. J. Jr 1969; Progress in clarification of the taxonomic and nomenclatural status of some problem actinomycetes. Dev Ind Microbiol 10:183–221
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Rucker R. R. 1949; A streptomycete pathogenic to fish. J Bacteriol 58:659–664
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Rustigan R., Stuart C. A. 1941; Decomposition of urea by Proteus . Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 47:108–112
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Saitou N., Nei M. 1987; The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4:406–425
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Shirling E. B., Gottlieb D. 1972; Cooperative description of type strains of Streptomyces. V. Additional descriptions. Int J Syst Bacteriol 22:265–394
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Skerman V. B. D., McGowan V., Sneath P. H. A. 1980; Approved lists of bacterial names. Int J Syst Bacteriol 30:225–420
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Society for American Bacteriologists; 1957 Manual of Microbiological Methods New York: McGraw-Hill;
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Stevenson J. L. 1967; Utilization of aromatic hydrocarbons by Arthrobacter spp. Can J Microbiol 13:205–211
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Trevisan V. 1889 I Generiela Specie dell Batteriacee Milan: Zanaboni & Gabuzzi;
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Williams S. T., Goodfellow M., Alderson G., Wellington E. M. H., Sneath P. H. A. , Sackin M. J. 1983; Numerical classification of Streptomyces and related genera. J Gen Microbiol 129:1743–1813
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Williams S. T., Goodfellow M., Alderson G. 1989; Genus Streptomyces Waksman and Henrici, 1943, 339AL. In Sergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 42452–2492 Williams S. T., Sharpe M. E., Holt J. G. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins;
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-49-2-833
Loading
/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-49-2-833
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error