1887

Abstract

A new purple sulfur bacterium was isolated from microbial films on decaying plant mass in the near-shore area of the soda lake Malyi Kasytui (pH 9.5, 0.2% salinity) located in the steppe of the Chita region of south-east Siberia. Single cells were vibrioid- or spiral-shaped (3--4μm wide and 7--20 μm long) and motile by means of a polar tuft of flagella. Internal photosynthetic membranes were of the lamellar type. Lamellae almost filled the whole cell, forming strands and coils. Photosynthetic pigments were bacteriochlorophy II and carotenoids of the spirilloxanthin group. The new bacterium was strictly anaerobic. Under anoxic conditions, hydrogen sulfide and elemental sulfur were used as photosynthetic electron donors. During growth on sulfide, sulfur globules were formed as intermediate oxidation products. They were deposited outside the cytoplasm of the cells, in the peripheral periplasmic space and extracellularly. Thiosulfate was not used. Carbon dioxide, acetate, pyruvate, propionate, succinate, fumarate and malate were utilized as carbon sources. Optimum growth rates were obtained at pH 9.0 and optimum temperature was 30 °C. Good growth was observed in a mineral salts medium containing 5 g sodium bicarbonate I-1 without sodium chloride. The new bacterium tolerated up to 60 g sodium chloride I-1 and up to 80 g sodium carbonates I-1. Growth factors were not required. The DNA G+C composition was 56.0-57.4 mol %. Based on physiological, biochemical and genetic characteristics, the newly isolated bacterium is recognized as a new species of a new genus with the proposed name .

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/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-49-2-697
1999-04-01
2019-11-18
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/00207713-49-2-697
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