Four Gram-negative, aerobic, pointed and budding bacteria were isolated from various depths of the hypersaline, heliothermal and meromictic Ekho Lake (Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica). The cells contained storage granules and formed rosettes. Daughter cells may be motile. Growth required sodium ions. Nitrate was reduced to nitrite, and dissimilatory reduction of nitrite was possible. DNase and gelatinase were produced. Glutamate was metabolized with and without an additional source of combined nitrogen. The most abundant fatty acid was C; other fatty acids present in lower concentrations were C 3-OH, C, C, C and C cyc. The main polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylcholine. The DNA base composition was 62·3–62·8 mol% G+C. 16S rDNA sequence comparisons showed the isolates to be phylogenetically related to the genera and Morphological, physiological and genotypic differences to these and distinct characteristics supported the description of a new genus and a new species, gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain is EL-219(= DSM 11445).


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